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Table 2 Correlates of CALD status

From: Exploring presentation differences in multi-cultural youth seeking assistance for mental health problems

  ORunadj [95% CI] ORadj [95% CI]
Restricted models Full model
Demographic
Age 1.05 [0.99, 1.11] 1.06 [> 1.00, 1.13]a 1.07 [0.98, 1.16]
Female 1.13 [0.75, 1.69] 1.12 [0.73, 1.68] 1.10 [0.64, 1.93]
Current relationship 1.19 [0.81, 1.78] 1.24 [0.83, 1.87] 1.12 [0.69, 1.78]
NEET 0.71 [0.38, 1.13] 0.63 [0.34, 1.04] 0.82 [0.40, 1.56]
Accommodation status
Independent housing    
Boarding house / hostel 2.29 [0.55, 6.73] 2.14 [0.49, 6.82] 2.86 [0.48, 12.35]
Financial security
Unable to meet basic need(s) 0.97 [0.74, 1.20] 0.97 [0.75, 1.20] 1.07 [0.72, 1.46]
Financial support required 0.94 [0.78, 1.14] 0.94 [0.78, 1.15] 0.88 [0.64, 1.26]
Mental disorder
Clinical severity    
 Normal, not ill at all    
 Borderline mentally ill 0.43 [0.17, 1.35] 0.54 [0.21, 1.59] 0.68 [0.25, 2.44]
 Mildly ill 0.52 [0.23, 1.48] 0.77 [0.33, 2.09] 0.91 [0.35, 2.92]
 Moderately ill 0.65 [0.29, 1.88] 0.97 [0.41, 2.78] 1.15 [0.42, 3.82]
 Markedly ill 0.67 [0.26, 2.07] 1.06 [0.38, 3.44] 1.34 [0.39, 5.10]
 Severely ill 0.72 [0.12, 3.11] 1.49 [0.24, 6.86] 1.86 [0.22, 10.79]
Child-onset disorder 0.28 [0.11, 0.54]a 0.27 [0.11, 0.55]a 0.28 [0.11, 0.62]a
Mood and affective symptoms 1.01 [0.85, 1.21] 0.94 [0.74, 1.18] 0.78 [0.53, 1.16]
Behavioural activation 0.86 [0.71, 1.04] 0.81 [0.67, 0.99]a 0.82 [0.65, 1.04]
Psychosis
Not at risk    
At risk 1.11 [0.74, 1.65] 1.09 [0.69, 1.74] 1.11 [0.66, 1.87]
Met threshold for psychosis 1.03 [0.45, 2.02] 1.11 [0.44, 2.37] 1.01 [0.38, 2.35]
Mania 0.98 [0.94, 1.02] 0.98 [0.93, 1.02] 0.98 [0.93, 1.04]
Familial mental illness or suicide 0.61 [0.42, 0.89]a 0.63 [0.43, 0.93]a 0.64 [0.41, 1.01]
Functional impairment 1.01 [0.84, 1.22] 1.01 [0.84, 1.22] 0.87 [0.57, 1.29]
Substance use
Alcohol / cannabis / tobacco 0.93 [0.74, 1.13] 0.91 [0.71, 1.13] 0.90 [0.66, 1.16]
Stimulants and other drugs 1.09 [0.77, 1.21] 1.06 [0.81, 1.29] 1.04 [0.77, 1.34]
Forensic History
Violent charge 0.59 [0.13, 1.47] 0.65 [0.12, 1.88] 0.60 [0.11, 2.31]
Non-violent charge 0.83 [0.36, 1.69] 1.02 [0.41, 2.24] 1.02 [0.34, 2.73]
Violent victimization 0.65 [0.37, 1.05] 0.68 [0.36, 1.17] 0.56 [0.26, 1.17]
Non-violent victimization 0.80 [0.41, 1.39] 0.97 [0.46, 1.77] 1.02 [0.44, 2.25]
Child maltreatment
Child maltreatment 1.01 [1.00, 1.02] 1.00 [0.99, 1.02] 1.01 [0.99, 1.03]
Maternal care 0.97 [0.92, 1.02] 0.94 [0.88, 1.01] 0.96 [0.89, 1.05]
Maternal overprotection 1.20 [1.08, 1.33]cd 1.18 [1.04, 1.33]b 1.17 [> 1.00, 1.34]a
Maternal authoritarianism 1.13 [1.04, 1.22]b 1.09 [0.99, 1.19] 1.08 [0.97, 1.20]
Paternal care 1.00 [0.95, 1.05] 1.00 [0.94, 1.06] 0.99 [0.92, 1.07]
Paternal overprotection 1.08 [0.98, 1.18] 1.07 [0.94, 1.20] 1.09 [0.94, 1.26]
Paternal authoritarianism 1.00 [0.94, 1.07] 0.97 [0.90, 1.05] 0.95 [0.86, 1.05]
Social support
Friend (positive interactions) 0.81 [0.40, 1.73] 0.78 [0.38, 1.68] 0.94 [0.34, 2.51]
Friend (negative interactions) 0.72 [0.31, 1.59] 0.70 [0.29, 1.52] 0.51 [0.19, 1.40]
Stigmatization 1.01 [0.82, 1.24] 1.01 [0.82, 1.24] 1.05 [0.76, 1.42]
  1. Confidence intervals are bootstrapped (5000 replicates). NEET = Not in education, employment, or training. Stimulants and other drugs = cocaine and other stimulants, opioids, inhalants, hallucinogens, other (unspecified drugs), injecting drug use
  2. Significance testing: ap < .05, bp < .01, cp < .001. Values corrected for multiple testing using a false discovery rate (FDR) of 5%: dq < .05