Peiman H, Yaghoubi M, Seyed Mohammadi A, Delpishe A. Prevalence of chronic diseases in the elderly in Ilam. Iran J Ageing. 2012;6(4):7–13.
Habibi A, Nemadi-Vosoughi M, Habibi S, Mohammadi M. Quality of life and prevalence of chronicillnesses among elderly people: a cross-sectional survey. J health. 2012;3(1):58–66.
Fassih-Ramandi Z, Soleimani MA, Allen K-A, Gorgulu O, Motalebi SA. Validity and reliability of the flourishing scale in a sample of older adults in Iran. Clin Interv Aging. 2020;15:673–81.
Atella V, Piano Mortari A, Kopinska J, Belotti F, Lapi F, Cricelli C, et al. Trends in age-related disease burden and healthcare utilization. Aging Cell. 2019;18(1):e12861.
Nikookar R, Ghaffari S, Akbari Kamrani AA, Sahaf R, Moghadam M, Ghadimi MR. Assessing the duration of unnecessary hospitalization and expenses in older individuals suffering from cerebral vascular accident in the chronic care unit. Iran J Ageing Salmand. 2015;10(2):180–7.
Ilali E, Taraghi Z, Yazdani J, Golmohammadi M, Savasari R, Mosavi JA. The relationship between praying and spiritual health among Iranian older people with cerebrovascular accidents. Iran J Ageing. 2016;11(3):424–31.
Tajvidi M, Dalvandi A, Sahaf R, Rahgozar M. Relationship between general health and demographic characteristics of family caregivers of stroke survivors. Iran J Ageing. 2018;12(4):494–505.
Johnson CO, Nguyen M, Roth GA, Nichols E, Alam T, Abate D, et al. Global, regional, and national burden of stroke, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet Neurol. 2019;18(5):439–58.
King RB, Hartke RJ, Lee J, Raad J. The stroke caregiver unmet resource needs scale: development and psychometric testing. J Neurosci Nurs. 2013;45(6):320–8.
Rahmani Anaraki H, Mahmoodi GR, Rouhi G, Asayesh H, Nasiri H, Rakhshani H. General health status of neurologic patients’ caregivers and the related factors. J Res Dev Nurs Midwif. 2013;9(2):49–55.
Kheirollahi N, Khatiban M, Oshvandi K, Alhani F, Faradmal J. The effect of family-centered empowerment intervention on perceived severity of threat in caregivers of patients with stroke: a semi experimental study. J Neurosci Nurs. 2014;22(3):74–82.
Aldehaim AY, Alotaibi FF, Uphold CR, Dang S. The impact of technology-based interventions on informal caregivers of stroke survivors: a systematic review. Telemed e-Health. 2016;22(3):223–31.
Khatti Dizabadi F, Yazdani J, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Batebi A, Shojaezadeh D. The status of caregiving among informal caregivers of community-dwelling elderly. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2013;23(100):31–41.
Plöthner M, Schmidt K, De Jong L, Zeidler J, Damm K. Needs and preferences of informal caregivers regarding outpatient care for the elderly: a systematic literature review. BMC Geriatr. 2019;19(1):1–22.
Farhadi A, Foroughan M, Mohammadi F, Rassouli M, Sadegh Moghadam L, Nazari Sh, et al. Caregiving appraisal in family caregivers of older adults. Iran J Ageing Salmand. 2016;11(1):8–19.
Kumar R, Kaur S, Reddemma K. Burden and coping strategies in caregivers of stroke survivors. J Neurol Neurosci. 2015;1:1–5.
Penning MJ, Wu Z. Caregiver stress and mental health: impact of caregiving relationship and gender. Gerontologist. 2016;56(6):1102–13.
Rohani H, Eslami AA, Jafari-Koshki T, Raei M, Abrishamkarzadeh H, Mirshahi R, et al. The factors affecting the burden of care of informal caregivers of the elderly in Tehran. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014;18(12):726–33.
Alizadeh M, Hoseini M, Shojaeizadeh D, Rahimi A, Arshinchi MHR. Assessing anxiety, depression and psychological wellbeing status of urban elderly under represent of Tehran metropolitan city Iran. J Ageing Salmand. 2012;7(3):66–73.
Haresabadi M, Bibak B, Hosein Zadeh E, Bayati M, Arki M, et al. Assessing burden of family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia Admitted in Imam Reza hospital-Bojnurd 2010. J N Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2010;4(2):165–71.
Veenstra C. Management of cancer in the older patient. JAMA. 2012;307(19):2106–7.
Ghada M, Mourad Rania A, Zaki Rasmia A. Improving coping abilities among caregivers of patients with cerebrovascular stroke. J Educ Pract. 2014;5(36):8–19.
Reinhard SC, Given B, Petlick NH, Bemis A. Supporting family caregivers in providing care. Patient safety and quality: an evidence-based handbook for nurses: agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 200.
Haley WE, Roth DL, Hovater M, Clay OJ. Long-term impact of stroke on family caregiver well-being: a population-based case-control study. Neurology. 2015;84(13):1323–9.
Cameron JI, Cheung AM, Streiner DL, Coyte PC, Stewart DE. Stroke survivors’ behavioral and psychologic symptoms are associated with informal caregivers’ experiences of depression. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006;87(2):177–83.
Costa TFd, Costa KNdFM, Martins KP, Fernandes MdGdM, Brito SdS. Burden over family caregivers of elderly people with stroke. Escola Anna Nery. 2015;19(2):5–35.
Bhattacharjee M, Vairale J, Gawali K, Dalal PM. Factors affecting burden on caregivers of stroke survivors: population-based study in Mumbai (India). Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2012;15(2):113–9.
Yu Y, Hu J, Efird JT, McCoy TP. Social support, coping strategies and health-related quality of life among primary caregivers of stroke survivors in China. J Clin Nurs. 2013;22(15–16):2160–71.
Iavarone A, Ziello AR, Pastore F, Fasanaro AM, Poderico C. Caregiver burden and coping strategies in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014;10:1407–13.
Folkman S, Lazarus RS. Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer; 1984.
Mitrousi S, Travlos A, Koukia E, Sofia Z. Theoretical approaches to coping. Int J Car Sci. 2013;6(2):131–7.
Nia HS, Sharif SP, Goudarzian AH, Allen KA, Jamali S, Gorji MAH. The relationship between religious coping and self-care behaviors in Iranian medical students. J Relig Health. 2017;56(6):2109–17.
Kelly MM, Tyrka AR, Price LH, Carpenter LL. Sex differences in the use of coping strategies: predictors of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Depress Anxiety. 2008;25(10):839–46.
Alnazly EK. Burden and coping strategies among J ordanian caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis. Hemodial Int. 2016;20(1):84–93.
Hassan WA-N, Mohamed II, Sayed NE. Burden and coping strategies among caregivers of patients with mood disorders. Assiut Sci Nurs J. 2014;2(3):173–80.
Suriyamoorthi M, Pakkiyalakshmi N, Ravishankar J. A study on coping skills of caregivers of patients with bipolar disorder. Int J Res Med Sci. 2018;6(11):36–47.
Fink G. Stress: Concepts, cognition, emotion, and behavior: handbook of stress series, Volume 1: Academic Press; 2016.
Farnia V, Mousavi SA, Parsamehr A, Alikhani M, Golshani S, Nooripour R, et al. The mediating role of emotional intelligence in coping strategies and test anxiety in students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran in 2013–2014. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2017;11(4):e9254.
Modaresifard F, Maredpour A. On the relationship of personality traits and coping strategies with drug abstinence self-efficacy in addicted youth. Res Addict. 2016;10(39):213–30.
Mahmoud AM, Khanjani Z, Bayat A. Comparing the coping strategies and emotion regulation of students with symptoms of anxiety-related emotional disorders and normal group. Res Addict. 2016;3(1):41–51.
Mirabzadeh A, Eftekhari MB, Forouzan AS, Sajadi H, Rafiee H. Relationship between ways of coping and quality of life in married women: toward mental health promotion. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013;15(8):743–8.
Lazarus RS. Coping theory and research: past, present, and future. Psychosom Med. 1993;55:234–47.
Bertolin DC, Pace AE, Kusumota L, Haas V. An association between forms of coping and the socio-demographic variables of people on chronic hemodialysis. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2011;45(5):1070–6.
Abravani P, Gharibzadeh S. Coping strategies during COVID-19 outbreak in Islamic Republic of Iran. J Exp Clin Neurosci. 2020;7(2):1–5.
Soleimani MA, Bahrami N, Allen K-A, Alimoradi Z. Death anxiety in patients with cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2020;48:101803
Abdollahi A, Panahipour H, Allen KA, Hosseinian S. Effects of death anxiety on perceived stress in individuals with multiple sclerosis and the role of self-transcendence. OMEGA J Death Dying. 2019. (in press).
Soleimani MA, Pahlevan Sharif S, Yaghoobzadeh A, Allen K-A, Sharif NH. An examination of psychometric characteristics and factor structure of death anxiety scale within a sample of Iranian patients with heart disease. Int J Epidemiol Res. 2017;4(4):260–6.
Nia HS, Sharif SP, Lehto RH, Allen KA, Goudarzian AH, Yaghoobzadeh A, et al. Psychometric properties of the persian version of death depression scale-revised in Iranian patients with acute myocardial infarction. Iran J Psychiatry. 2017;12(3):172–81.
Nayeri ND, Goudarzian AH, Herth K, Naghavi N, Nia HS, Yaghoobzadeh A, et al. Construct validity of the Herth hope index: a systematic review. Int J Health Sci. 2020;14(5):50–7.
Soleimani MA, Allen KA, Herth KA, Sharif SP. The Herth Hope Index: a validation study within a sample of iranian patients with heart disease. Soc Health Behav. 2019;2(3):108–13.
Abdollahi A, Panahipour H, Hosseinian S, Allen KA. The effects of perceived stress on hope in women with breast cancer and the role of psychological hardiness. Psychooncology. 2019;28(7):1477–82.
Yaghoobzadeh A, Gorgulu O, Yee B-L, Wibisono AH, Pahlevan Sharif S, Sharif Nia H, et al. A model of aging perception in Iranian elders with effects of hope, life satisfaction, and socioeconomic status: a path analysis. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2018;24(6):522–30.
Yaghoobzadeh A, Soleimani MA, Allen KA, Chan YH, Herth KA. Relationship between spiritual well-being and hope in patients with cardiovascular disease. J Relig Health. 2018;57(3):938–50.
Abdollahi A, Hosseinian S, Panahipour H, Allen KA. Cognitive behavioural therapy as an effective treatment for social anxiety, perfectionism, and rumination. Curr Psychol. 2019. (in press).
Frydenberg E, Deans J, Allen K-A. Developing children’s coping in the early years: Strategies for dealing with stress, change and anxiety. Bloomsbury Academic; 2012.
Eslahi Z, Bahrami N, Allen KA, Alimoradi Z. Spouse’s social support in the postpartum period, predictors and its relationship with postpartum depression in a sample of Iranian primiparous women. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2020. (in press).
Jafari A, Hesampoor F. The comparison of coping strategies and psychological hardiness between parents of children with cancer of positive and negative responding to treatment. Sci J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2017;24(6):189–202.
Yaghoobzadeh A, Sharif Nia H, Pahlevan Sharif S, Hosseinigolafshani SZ, Mohammadi F, Oveisi S, et al. Role of sex, socioeconomic status, and emotional support in predicting aging perception among older adults. IntJ Aging Hum Dev. 2018;87(1):77–89.
Ghandehari K. Epidemiology of stroke in Iran. Galen Med J. 2016;5(S1):3–9.
Hesamzadeh A, Dalvandi A, Maddah SB, Khoshknab MF, Ahmadi F. Family caregivers’ experiences of stroke recovery among older adults living in Iran: a qualitative study. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2018;20(S1):1–9.
Pinedo S, SanMartin V, Zaldibar B, Miranda M, Tejada P, Erazo P, et al. Quality of life of stroke patients and their caregivers. Int J Phys Med Rehabil. 2017;5(1):1–6.
Al-Rawashdeh SY, Lennie TA, Chung ML. Psychometrics of the Zarit Burden Interview in caregivers of patients with heart failure. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2016;31(6):E21.
Yap P. Validity and reliability of the Zarit Burden Interview in assessing caregiving burden. Ann Acad Med Singap. 2010;39:758–63.
Navidian A, Pahlavanzade S, M. Y. Family training effectiveness in mental burden of mentally disordered inpatients' domestic caregivers. J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2011;2(99):99–106.
Greenaway KH, Louis WR, Parker SL, Kalokerinos EK, Smith JR, Terry DJ. Measures of coping for psychological well-being. In Measures of personality and social psychological constructs. Elsevier; 2015. 322–51.
M. K. Normative question of coping devices Lazarus and Folkman and comparison between these devices in girls and boys students of Islamic Azad University Central Rodhen , Branch of Tehran Central; 2004.
Ramzi L, Sepehri Shamloo Z, Ali Pour A, Zare H. The effectiveness of group reality therapy in coping strategies. J Fam Psychol. 2015;1(2):19–30.
Kumar R, Kaur S, Reddemma K. Burden and coping strategies in caregivers of stroke survivors. J Neurol Neurosci. 2015;6(5):1–5.
Rawat M, Sharma R, Goel D. Burden of stroke survivors on caregiver and quality of life. Int J Curr Res. 2017;9:60683–6.
Baumann M, Lurbe-Puerto K, Alzahouri K, Aïach P. Increased residual disability among poststroke survivors and the repercussions for the lives of informal caregivers. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2011;18(2):162–71.
Hosseiny R, Bastani F, Sayahi S, Momen AH, Alijanpoor AM. The effect of educational-counseling program on general health of women as caregivers of patient, with Alzheimerdisease. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2011;13(5):83–92.
Salmani N, Ashketorab T, Hasanvand S. The burden of caregiver and related factors of oncology patients of shahvali hospital. Adv Nurs Midw. 2014;23(84):7–11.
Nazari S, Rashedi V, Mohammadi H, Yousefi M. Relationship between cognitive status and activities of daily living among the elderly of nursing homes. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015;18(12):744–6.
Unver V, Basak T, Tosun N, Aslan O, Akbayrak N. Care burden and self-efficacy levels of family caregivers of elderly people in Turkey. Holist Nurs Pract. 2016;30(3):166–73.
Yeşil T, Uslusoy E, Korkmaz M. Examining of the life quality and care burden of those who are looking after the patients suffering from chronic diseases. Gümüşhane Univ J Health Sci. 2016;5(4):54–66.
Friedemann M-L, Buckwalter KC. Family caregiver role and burden related to gender and family relationships. J Fam Nurs. 2014;20(3):313–36.
Orak OS, Sezgin S. The investigation of caregiver burden in family members of cancer patients. J Psychiatr Nurs. 2015;6(1):33–9.
Sanuade OA, Boatemaa S. Caregiver profiles and determinants of caregiving burden in Ghana. Public Health. 2015;129(7):941–7.
Sousa MFB, Santos RL, Turró-Garriga O, Dias R, Dourado MC, Conde-Sala JL. Factors associated with caregiver burden: comparative study between Brazilian and Spanish caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Int Psychogeriatr. 2016;28(8):1363–74.
Mathew V. 988–Coping strategies among primary caregivers of hiv/aids infected individuals. Eur Psychiatry. 2013;28:1.
García-Alberca JM, Cruz B, Lara JP, Garrido V, Lara A, Gris E. Anxiety and depression are associated with coping strategies in caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease patients: results from the MALAGA-AD study. Int Psychogeriatr. 2012;24(8):1325–34.
Papastavrou E, Charalambous A, Tsangari H. How do informal caregivers of patients with cancer cope: a descriptive study of the coping strategies employed. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2012;16(3):258–63.
Abbasi A, Shamsizadeh M, Asayesh H, Rahmani H, Hosseini SA, Meidhat T. The relationship between caregiver burden with coping strategies in Family caregivers of cancer patients. Iran J Psychiatric Nurs. 2013;1(3):62–71.
Jaracz K, Grabowska-Fudala B, Górna K, Kozubski W. Caregiving burden and its determinants in Polish caregivers of stroke survivors. Arch Med Sci. 2014;10(5):941–50.
Kameli D, Hojjat S, Jajarmi M, Abedi A, Kameli T. Comparison between personality traits and copying strategies in Substance dependent men and non dependent group. J N Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2014;5(4):813–9.