Skip to main content


  • Erratum
  • Open Access

Erratum to: Lifestyle choices and mental health: a representative population survey

  • 1Email author,
  • 1, 2,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
BMC PsychologyBMC series – open, inclusive and trusted20164:2

  • Received: 19 January 2016
  • Accepted: 19 January 2016
  • Published:

The original article was published in BMC Psychology 2014 2:58

Due to a technical error, a 21-item version of the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-42; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) which is not identical to the DASS-21 validated by Henry and Crawford (2005) was used in our study [1]. Ten items of the DASS version that was used in our study [1] were identical to the items of the original DASS-21, the remaining eleven items were part of the DASS-42, but not of the DASS-21 by Crawford and Henry (2005) [2]. In order to put the results of our paper into perspective, we have conducted an additional study that aimed to investigate the comparability of our 21-item version with the original DASS-21 that has been validated by Henry and Crawford (2005) [2].

A total of 1,031 individuals (47.9 % male) participated in a web-based survey, which included the DASS-42. Mean age of the participants was 48 years (SD = 15.26).

Comparisons between the original DASS-21 and the version that was used in our study revealed that both scales were highly similar. Correlations between the original DASS-21 subscales and the subscales of the version that was used in our study were very high (r = .97, p < .001 for depression, r = .93, p < .001 for anxiety, and r = .94, p < .001 for stress). Differences in the mean scores for all subscales were negligible to small (Cohen’ s d was 0.06 for depression, 0.07 for anxiety, and 0.24 for stress). The internal consistency of our version (α = .93 for depression, α = .85 for anxiety, and α = .90 for stress) was also comparable to the original DASS-21 (α = .93 for depression, α = .86 for anxiety, and α = .91 for stress).

Upon referring to our article [1], please acknowledge that we have used a 21-item version of the DASS-42 that is similar but not identical with the scale that has been validated by Crawford and Henry (2005) [2].



Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

Faculty of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Massenbergstrasse 9-13, D-44787 Bochum, Germany
Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland


  1. Velten J, Lavallee KL, Scholten S, Hans Meyer A, Zhang XC, Schneider S, et al. Lifestyle choices and mental health: a representative population survey. BMC Psychology. 2014;2:58. doi:10.1186/s40359-014-0055-y.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Henry JD, Crawford JR. The short-form version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21): construct validity and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2005;44(2):227–39.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar


© Velten et al. 2016