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Table 2 Descriptive statistics: mean and standard deviations of the personality scores per altered Big Five trait, depending on treatment condition and induced emotion

From: Sad but true? - How induced emotional states differentially bias self-rated Big Five personality traits

  Treatment condition Induced emotion
Trait   Sadness (n = 53) Happiness (n= 45)
Neuroticism Neutral (SD) 31.51 (11.70) 32.51 (12.91)
Emotion (SD) 35.29 (10.63) 31.98 (13.57)
Difference (SD) 3.78 (6.67) -0.53 (6.52)
Extraversion Neutral (SD) 45.77 (9.97) 44.53 (9.61)
Emotion (SD) 44.41 (10.44) 45.93 (9.06)
Difference (SD) -1.36 (4.59) 1.40 (6.37)
Openness Neutral (SD) 49.79 (7.11) 52.24 (8.82)
Emotion (SD) 49.28 (8.09) 51.96 (9.54)
Difference (SD) -0.50 (5.27) -0.29 (5.2)
Agreeableness Neutral (SD) 48.98 (6.85) 48.04 (10.02)
Emotion (SD) 47.81 (7.86) 48.42 (8.26)
Difference (SD) -1.17 (4.24) 0.38 (4.87)
Conscientiousness Neutral (SD) 45.28 (11.13) 47.11 (9.90)
Emotion (SD) 46.02 (9.28) 47.17 (8.91)
  Difference (SD) 0.74 (5.15) 0.05 (4.44)
  1. Note. SD = Standard Deviation.