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Table 3 Independent samples t test examining differences between gender for all major variables

From: E-cigarette use and intentions related to psychological distress among cigarette, e-cigarette, and cannabis vape users during the start of the COVID-19 pandemic

  Females Males T test
M SD M SD
Ever used cigarettes 0.11 0.31 0.18 0.38 21.16***
Current cigarette use 0.01 0.11 0.02 0.15 8.45***
Ever used e-cigarettes 0.37 0.48 0.37 0.48 1.65
Current e-cigarette use 0.07 0.26 0.04 0.20 − 15.45***
Dual cigarette & e-cigarette use 0.07 0.26 0.25 0.43 11.98***
Cannabis vaping 0.29 0.09 0.05 0.22 − 18.47***
Intentions to use e-cigarettes 1.27 0.58 1.28 0.52 2.04*
Intended length of time for future e-cigarette use 5.13 3.50 6.0 3.83 3.37***
Past 30-day cannabis use 8.33 10.13 10.26 10.69 15.14***
Intentions to use e-cigarettes among cannabis users 1.45 0.72 1.56 0.61 12.10***
Intended length of time for future e-cigarette use among cannabis users 2.63 2.91 1.46 1.98 − 20.23***
Anxiety 3.40 1.08 3.04 1.07 − 38.35***
Depression 2.99 0.99 2.76 0.84 − 30.58***
Loneliness 2.98 1.04 2.08 0.93 − 23.18***
Stress 3.72 0.85 3.45 0.92 − 35.88***
E-cigarette use to relieve anxiety 3.33 1.44 4.10 1.13 39.26***
E-cigarette use to relieve stress 2.18 1.14 1.74 0.89 − 29.51***
  1. *p < .05; ***p < .001