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Table 5 Repeated measures models of predictors and health outcomes

From: Examining resilience of individuals living with sickle cell disease in the COVID-19 pandemic

Variable Modela,b: outcomes and parameters estimates
Mental health Emotional impact/distress Physical health Perceived stress Resilience
Sex
Female vs. Male — 0.35 0.31 — 0.44 1.4 0.07
SCD clinical severity
Low vs. High 0.23 — 0.42 0.24 0.67 — 0.26
Employment status
Unemployed vs. employed — 0.81** 2.09** — 1.75** 3.15** — 0.28*
Married
No vs. Yes — 0.76 1.42 0.19 0.83 — 0.33**
Educational status
Highschool or some college vs. Bachelor’s or higher — 1.43* 2.01** — 1.13* 1.7 — 0.41**
Age category
Younger vs. older — 0.37 0.07 0.91 2.09* 0.001
Resilience category
High resilience vs. normal 1.77* — 2.22* 0.33 — 5.51**
Low resilience vs. normal — 0.59 1.81 — 0.42 0.86
Timepoint
Pre- vs. during pandemic 0.52 0.48 0.09 — 1.23 0.21**
Resilience category timepoint b
High pre-pandemic vs. during pandemic — 0.56 0.18 0.13 0.43
Low pre-pandemic vs. during pandemic — 0.24 — 0.66 1.3 0.44
  1. *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001
  2. aParameter estimates or the β coefficient, give the difference in the mean scores for the outcomes (Mental Health, Emotional Impact/Distress, Physical Health, Perceived Stress, Resilience) between the indicated group and reference group (e.g., Female vs. Male or Not Working vs. Working).
  3. bThe interaction terms were only tested for time and resilience to look at the effect of time on within group differences for the resilience categories and their association with the outcomes.