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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of pre-pandemic and during pandemic participants

From: Examining resilience of individuals living with sickle cell disease in the COVID-19 pandemic

Variable Pre-pandemic During pandemic
N = 97 % N = 97 %
Age, mean (SD/range) 39 (11.2, 19–66 years) 41.3 (11.2, 21–68 years)
Sickle cell disease severity
High severity 28 28.9
Low severity 69 71.1
Sex
Male 37 38.14 36 37.1
Female 60 61.86 61 62.9
Race/ethnicity
Black/African Americana 93 96.9 89 94.7
Hispanicb 6 6.3 6 6.5
Insurance status
Privatec 49 51 44 45.4
Medicare/medicaid/Medigap/SCHIP 33 34.4 34 35.1
Government health insuranced 4 4.2 7 7.2
No coverage 10 10.4
Education
Some college and belowe 47 48.5 37 38.1
Bachelor’s/master’s degree 44 45.4 44 45.3
Professional/doctoral degree 6 6.2 5 5.2
Marital status
Married/living with partner 30 30.9 40 41.2
Divorced/separated/widowed 13 13.4 12 12.4
Never married 54 55.7 45 46.4
Income
Less than $10k - $29k 34 36.6 28 29.8
$30k - $59k 29 31.2 31 33
$60k - $90k 13 14 13 13.8
Greater than $90k 17 18.3 22 23.4
Employment status
Working currently 46 47.4 46 47.4
Retired/student/keeping house 14 14.4 12 12.4
Unemployed/looking for work/lost job 19 19.6 8 8.2
Disabled 18 18.6 23 23.7
Other 7 7.2
  1. aBlack/African American vs. American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, White
  2. bHispanic/Latino vs. Non-Hispanic/Latino
  3. cPrivate: private health insurance, employer health insurance, private + other government insurance
  4. dGovernment Health Insurance: Military Health Care, Indian Health Service, government health insurance marketplace plan, other government plan
  5. eSome College and Below: eighth grade or below, high school graduate or equivalent, some college, associate degree