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Table 1 Exploratory factor analysis results

From: Development and psychometric properties of COVID-19 related Healthcare Student stress scale (CHSSS)

Factor Item Factor loading
Fear of catching coronavirus 1. To what extent do you feel stress due to the risk of being infected by COVID-19 in public places? 0.86
2. To what extent do you feel stress due to the risk of COVID-19 infection in training and clinical settings? 0.65
3. To what extent do you feel stress due to the risk of COVID-19 infection in dormitories? 0.71
4. To what extent do you feel stress due to the risk of COVID-19 infection in educational settings (laboratory, practice wards, workshops, etc.)? 0.86
5. To what extent do you feel stress due to the risk of passing coronavirus on to the family members? 0.87
Social constraints 6. To what extent do you feel stress due to the constrained contact with family members and relatives? 0.65
7. To what extent do you feel stress due to public and traffic limitations? 0.74
8. To what extent do you feel stress due to limited contact with classmates and friends? 0.64
9. To what extent do you fell stress due to limited contact with instructors? 0.62
Changes in education 10. To what extent do you feel stress due to attending online classes for theoretical courses? 0.85
11. To what extent do you feel stress due to online tests? 0.83
12. To what extent do you feel stress because of probable delay in educational processes (e.g. graduation) due to COVID-19 limitations? 0.88
Non-compliance of health protocols 13. To what extent do you feel stress due to non-compliance with health protocols by people in public places? 0.58
14. To what extent due you feel stress due to non-compliance with health protocols in academic settings? 0.63
15. To what extent do you feel stress due to lack of personal protection equipment? 0.85
Worrying news and information overload 16. To what extent do you feel stress due to worrying news and information overload in the media (TV, radio, papers, etc.) and social media? 0.64
17. To what extent do you feel stress due to hearing about COVID-19 infection in your classmates or other students? 0.8