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Table 3 Multiple-step mediation analysis on attachment styles (secure; fearful; preoccupied; and dismissing), loneliness, COVID-19 anxiety syndrome and mental health problems

From: Attachment style and mental health during the later stages of COVID‐19 pandemic: the mediation role of loneliness and COVID-19 anxiety

Model A Model B
Path estimates Coeff SE BCa 95% CI Path estimates Coeff SE BCa 95% CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper
a1 − .45*** .05 − .11 − .07 a1 .20** .01 .02 .06
a2 − .18* .02−  − .12 − .03 a2 .15* − 02 .02 .11
a3 .14* .12 .03 .50 a3 .18** .11 .15 .58
b1 .37*** .07 .35 .66 b1 .34*** .07 .32 .59
b2 .19** .04 .06 .20 b2 .17* .04 .04 .18
c − .16* .02 − .08 − .02 c .18** .02 .02 .08
c′ .05 .05 − .02 .06 c′ .08 .04 − .00 .05
Indirect Effects Effect SE BCa 95% CI Indirect Effects Effect SE BCa 95% CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper
Total − .21 .03 − .28 − .16 Total .10 .02 .06 .14
M1 − .18 .03 − .24 − .12 M1 .07 .02 .04 .11
M2 − .06 .02 − .010 − .02 M2 .04 .02 .02 .08
M1&M2 − .02 .02 − .02 − .00 M1&M2 .01 .00 .00 .01
Model C Model D
Path estimates Coeff SE BCa 95% CI Path estimates Coeff SE BCa 95% CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper
a1 .32*** .01 .05 .10 a1 .14* .01 .01 .05
a2 − 15* .03 .02 .12 a2 .07 .02 − .02 .07
a3 .17** .11 .11 .55 a3 .21** .11 .20 .62
b1 .32*** .07 .30 .58 b1 .34*** .07 .32 .60
b2 .17* .04 .04 .18 b2 .17** .03 .05 .18
c .23*** .02 .04 .11 c .17* .02 .02 .08
c′ .10 .02 .− .00 .06 c′ .10* .01 .00 .06
Indirect Effects Effect SE BCa 95% CI Indirect Effects Effect SE BCa 95% CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper
Total .14 .02 .09 .19 Total .06 .02 .02 .11
M1 .11 .02 .07 .16 M1 .05 .02 .01 .09
M2 .04 .02 .02 .08 M2 .02 .02 − .01 .06
M1&M2 .01 .00 .00 .05 M1&M2 .01 .00 − .01 .0
  1. M1 = Loneliness; M2 = Covid-19 anxiety syndrome
  2. * <.05; **<.01; ***<.001