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Table 5 Convergent and divergent validity of self-efficacy and intentions scales

From: Development and validation of self-efficacy and intention measures for spending time in nature

Gender Self-efficacy Intentions
t(2041) = 7.16, p < .001, d = .32 t(2071) = 0.76, n.s
M (SD) M (SD)
Males 2.86 (0.96) 3.52 (0.96)
Females 2.56 (0.89) 3.48 (0.89)
Race/Ethnicity F (3,2003) = 1.2, n.s F (3,2032) = 8.2, p < .001, η2 = 0.01
White, non-Hispanic 2.68 (0.94) 3.44 (0.90)
Black 2.75 (0.94) 3.46 (0.99)
Hispanic 2.78 (0.90) 3.73 (0.92)1
Other 2.68 (0.99) 3.55 (0.90)
General health F (3,2058) = 88.1, p < .001, η2 = 0.11 F (3,2088) = 58.8, p < .001, η2 = 0.08
Excellent 3.28 (0.98)2 3.90 (0.86)2
Good 2.74 (0.88) 3.55 (0.90)
Fair 2.33 (0.84) 3.16 (1.00)
Poor 1.98 (0.81) 2.73 (1.20)
  1. 1Hispanic participants scored significantly higher than White and Black participants, Tukey HSD
  2. 2All groups are significantly different from each other, Tukey HSD