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Table 2 Average component scores by selected demographic variables

From: Mental health and self-determination profiles of the diverse population of medical students in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic

   Mental health Depth of learning Concern Communication Timing Graduation Virtual Assessment Student-Centred Learning
   C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C8 C9
All students Mean 2.81 2.18 3.02 2.58 3.47 3.23 2.66 3.34
  SD 0.80 0.65 0.90 0.76 0.57 1.10 1.44 0.80
Stage          
Pre-clinical Mean 2.82 2.26* 3.03 2.60 3.39* 3.07* 2.73 3.20*
  SD 0.76 0.63 0.85 0.78 0.49 1.08 1.53 0.74
Clinical Mean 2.88 2.06* 3.00 2.57 3.60* 3.47* 2.56 3.55*
  SD 0.86 0.65 0.98 0.74 0.65 1.09 1.27 0.86
  p   0.002    0.000 0.000   0.000
Gendera          
Male Mean 3.10* 2.27 2.93 2.51 3.41 3.07 2.71 3.50*
  SD 0.71 0.65 0.84 0.73 0.57 1.10 1.48 0.78
Female Mean 2.73* 2.14 3.06 2.63 3.49 3.28 2.59 3.26*
  SD 0.82 0.64 0.93 0.78 0.56 1.10 1.40 0.81
  p 0.000        0.013
Ethnicity          
Malay Mean 2.60* 2.10 3.11 2.68 3.40 3.35* 2.80 3.30
  SD 0.78 0.67 0.86 0.72 0.57 0.99 1.39 0.78
Chinese Mean 3.05* 2.23 2.93 2.59 3.48 3.25* 2.50 3.36
  SD 0.73 0.57 0.91 0.79 0.55 1.10 1.41 0.81
Indian Mean 2.74* 2.34 3.12 2.45 3.51 2.75* 2.71 3.33
  SD 0.82 0.86 0.89 0.60 0.66 1.14 1.61 0.80
International Mean 2.32* 2.01 3.21 2.36 3.51 3.11* 2.44 3.50
  SD 0.93 0.73 0.96 0.95 0.55 1.32 1.39 0.76
  p 0.000      0.013   
Income          
B40 Mean 2.77 2.10 3.14* 2.56 3.46 3.33 2.70 3.30
  SD 0.90 0.57 0.92 0.63 0.50 1.07 1.47 0.95
M40 Mean 2.86 2.17 3.05* 2.51 3.46 3.29 2.74 3.36
  SD 0.79 0.69 0.90 0.77 0.59 1.13 1.46 0.80
T20 Mean 2.82 2.21 2.80* 2.71 3.49 3.07 2.49 3.29
  SD 0.77 0.58 0.87 0.80 0.55 1.02 1.37 0.76
  p    0.026      
  1. SD, Standard Deviation; B40, Bottom 40th percentile; M40, Middle 40th percentile; T20, Top 20th percentile; C, Component
  2. *Indicate mean scores that are significantly different from at least one other variable (p < 0.05)
  3. aNon-binary students excluded due to the small sample size