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Table 3 Logistic regression estimates for deliberate self-harm among adolescents aged 10–19 years by background characteristics

From: Predictors of deliberate self-harm among adolescents: Answers from a cross-sectional study on India

Background characteristics Adolescent boys Adolescent girls
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age group
 Early adolescents Ref Ref
 Late adolescents 1.20 (0.83, 1.75) 0.75 (0.54, 1.03)
Current schooling status
 Never attended Ref Ref
 Dropout 1.01 (0.5, 2.03) 1.08 (0.64, 1.83)
 Currently attending 1.01 (0.5, 2.03) 1.03 (0.62, 1.73)
Working status
 Not working Ref Ref
 Working 1.12 (0.81, 1.56) 1.0 (0.73, 1.36)
Media Exposure
 No exposure Ref Ref
 Rare 0.65 (0.34, 1.25) 1.02 (0.65, 1.6)
 Frequent 0.67 (0.37, 1.23) 0.99 (0.64, 1.52)
Internet access
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 0.98 (0.7, 1.36) 1.50* (1.05, 2.16)
Parental abuse
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 1.49* (1.11, 2) 1.61* (1.27, 2.04)
 Parent don't co-reside 1.08 (0.52, 2.22) 0.84 (0.4, 1.74)
Involved in fights
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 2.94* (2.24, 3.85) 2.22* (1.71, 2.87)
Substance use
 No Ref Ref
 Yes 1.26 (0.89, 1.77) 1.55 (0.85, 2.82)
Depressive symptoms
 Minimal/mild Ref Ref
 Moderate 2.10* (1.29, 3.4) 2.50* (1.74, 3.59)
 Moderately high/ severe 4.58* (2.88, 7.29) 4.18* (3.1, 5.63)
Caste
 SC/ST Ref Ref
 Non-SC/ST 1.35 (0.96, 1.89) 0.87 (0.65, 1.17)
Religion
 Hindu Ref Ref
 Non-Hindu 1.17 (0.83, 1.63) 1.15 (0.87, 1.52)
Wealth index
 Poorest Ref Ref
 Poorer 0.77 (0.47, 1.27) 1.31 (0.8, 2.15)
 Middle 0.78 (0.48, 1.26) 1.24 (0.76, 2.02)
 Richer 0.76 (0.47, 1.24) 1.34 (0.83, 2.17)
 Richest 0.82 (0.49, 1.37) 1.51 (0.9, 2.51)
Residence
 Urban Ref Ref
 Rural 0.97 (0.72, 1.31) 0.78 (0.60, 1.02)
State
 Uttar Pradesh Ref Ref
 Bihar 0.80 (0.61, 1.05) 0.70* (0.55, 0.89)
  1. *p < 0.05; OR: Odds Ratio; CI: Confidence Interval; Ref: Reference; SC/ST: Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe