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Table 1 Means (M), standard deviations (SD), and correlations of pilot study variables

From: A three-wave longitudinal study on the relation between commuting strain and somatic symptoms in university students: exploring the role of learning-family conflicts

  M SD 1 2 3 4 5 6
1. Age 23.35 2.96      
2. Sex1 0.71 0.46 − .15**     
3. Diff distance2 1.66 16.52 .01 − .03    
4. Diff time2 3.89 23.75 − .04 .05 .68**   
5. Commuting distance 12.79 17.36 .15** .01 .50** .36**  
6. Commuting time 27.56 25.51 .13** .10* .34** .59** .75**
7. Commuting strain 1.27 1.08 .12** .08 − .13** − .13** .47** .46**
  1. N = 548
  2. 1sex coded as 1 = female and 0 = male
  3. 2Difference scores for commuting distance and time calculated as values of t1 minus values of t2 of the respective variable
  4. *p < .05; **p < .01