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Table 1 Socio-demographic and Clinical characteristics of patients with SMI having follow up at AMSH, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 387)

From: Perceived quality of life and associated factors among patients with severe mental illness in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Categories Frequency Percentage
Age (M ± SD) 40 ± 8    
Sex Male 226 58.4
  Female 161 41.6
Ethnicity Amhara 180 46.5
  Oromo 160 41.3
  Tigre 30 7.8
  Others* 17 4.4
Religion Orthodox 201 51.9
  Muslim 103 26.6
  Protestant 70 18.1
  Others** 13 3.4
Residence Urban 312 80.6
  Rural 75 19.4
Marital status Single 209 54.0
  Married 99 25.6
  Divorced 60 15.5
  Widowed and separated 19 4.9
Educational status Unable to read and write 24 6.2
  Primary education 110 28.4
  Secondary education 73 18.9
  Diploma, degree and above 180 46.5
Occupational status Private business 141 36.4
  Unemployed 150 38.8
  Employed 79 20.4
  Others**** 17 4.3
Living arrangement With families 280 72.4
  Alone 107 27.6
Age of onset the illness(Mean ± SD) 31 ± 10    
Type of diagnosis Schizophrenia 236 61.0
  Bipolar 62 16.0
  Major depression 89 23.0
Duration of the illness Less than 5 years 100 25.8
  5–10 years 219 56.6
  Greater than 10 years 68 17.6
Comorbid medical diagnosis No 320 82.7
  Yes 67 17.3
Medication adherence Adherent 191 49.4
  Non-adherent 196 50.6
Current substance use    
Current alcohol Yes 47 12.1
  No 340 87.9
Current tobacco Yes 31 8.01
  No 356 91.99
Current khat/caffeinated drinks Yes 39 10.07
  No 348 89.9
Over all yes 117 30.2
  No 270 69.8
  1. NB. *Gurage, wolayta, Somaliee, Afar, **Catholic, wakefeta, Hawariyat, ****Farmer, Student