Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations of DM with depression and anxiety symptoms in HUNT2 (1995–97), HUNT3 (2006–08) and HUNT4 (2017–19), multi-level logistic analysis

From: Prevalence trends of depression and anxiety symptoms in adults with cardiovascular diseases and diabetes 1995–2019: The HUNT studies, Norway

  HUNT2 (1995–97) HUNT3 (2006–08) HUNT4 (2017–19) HUNT2 (1995–97) HUNT3 (2006–08) HUNT4 (2017–19)
RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RD (95% CI) RD (95% CI) RD (95% CI)
Depression
 Women
n = 45,844
1.36 (1.17–1.56) 1.18 (0.98–1.38) 1.24 (1.06–1.42) 0.04 (0.02–0.07) 0.02 (− 0.00 to 0.04) 0.02 (0.01 to 0.04)
 Men
n = 39,095
1.22 (1.04–1.40) 1.07 (0.90–1.24) 1.09 (0.94–1.23) 0.03 (0.01–0.05) 0.01 (− 0.01 to 0.03) 0.01 (− 0.01 to 0.03)
Anxiety
 Women
n = 45,219
1.12 (1.00–1.25) 1.05 (0.91–1.19) 1.13 (1.02–1.24) 0.03(− 0.00 to 0.06) 0.01 (− 0.02 to 0.03) 0.03 (0.01–0.05)
 Men
n = 38,838
1.21 (1.04–1.38) 1.13 (0.93–1.33) 1.12 (0.97–1.26) 0.03 (0.01–0.06) 0.01 (− 0.01 to 0.03) 0.02 (− 0.00 to 0.04)
  1. Adjusted for age and age squared. risk ratio (RR) and risk difference (RD) between individuals reporting DM and no-DM (ref.) at age 60
  2. DM, diabetes mellitus; HUNT, The Trøndelag Health Study; RR, risk difference; RD, risk ratio; CI, confidence interval