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Table 1 The characteristics of HUNT2, HUNT3 and HUNT4 participants according to CVDs status stratified by sex

From: Prevalence trends of depression and anxiety symptoms in adults with cardiovascular diseases and diabetes 1995–2019: The HUNT studies, Norway

Total n (%) HUNT2 (1995–98)
n = 61,284
HUNT3 (2006–08)
n = 40,508
HUNT4 (2017–19)
n = 40,443
CVDs
n = 4484 (7.3)
No-CVDs
n = 56,800 (92.7)
CVDs
n = 3472 (8.6)
No-CVDs
n = 37,036 (91.4)
CVDs
n = 3531 (8.7)
No-CVDs
n = 36,912 (92.3)
Women
n = 1746 (38.9)
Men
n = 2738 (61.1)
Women
n = 30,552 (53.8)
Men
n = 26,248 (46.2)
Women
n = 1324 (38.1)
Men
n = 2148 (61.9)
Women
n = 21,359 (57.7)
Men
n = 15,677 (42.3)
Women
n = 1354 (38.4)
Men
n = 2177 (61.6)
Women
n = 21,690 (58.8)
Men
n = 15,222 (41.2)
Variables             
 Depressiona             
  No 1344 (77.0) 2181 (79.7) 27,538 (90.1) 23,560 (89.8) 1092 (82.5) 1805 (84.0) 19,583 (91.7) 14,122 (90.1) 1187 (87.7) 1854 (85.2) 19,806 (91.3) 13,773 (90.5)
  Yes 402 (23.0) 557 (20.3) 3014 (9.9) 2688 (10.2) 232 (17.5) 343 (16.0) 1776 (8.3) 1555 (9.9) 167 (12.3) 323 (14.8) 1884 (8.7) 1449 (9.5)
 Anxietyb             
  No 1231 (70.5) 2228 (81.4) 23,196 (75.9) 21,701 (82.7) 1044 (78.8) 1914 (89.1) 17,695 (82.8) 14,068 (89.7) 1077 (79.5) 1929 (88.6) 17,120 (78.9) 13,190 (86.7)
  Yes 515 (29.5) 510 (18.6) 7356 (24.1) 4547 (17.3) 280 (21.2) 234 (10.9) 3664 (17.2) 1609 (10.3) 277 (20.5) 248 (11.4) 4570 (21.1) 2032 (13.3)
 Age (years)             
  Mean (Sd)c 71.6 (10.8) 68.0 (15.6) 47.6 (16.3) 47.1 (10.7) 70.4 (11.9) 68.8 (10.8) 52.5 (15.6) 53.5 (14.6) 70.5 (14.0) 70.8 (10.7) 53.6 (16.8) 55.2 (16.1)
  <55 137 (7.9) 353 (12.9) 21,014 (68.8) 18,454 (70.3) 137 (10.4) 222 (10.3) 11,686 (54.7) 8096 (51.7) 174 (12.9) 167 (7.7) 11,018 (50.8) 7036 (46.2)
  55–64 257 (14.7) 566 (20.7) 4162 (13.6) 3649 (13.9) 257 (19.4) 525 (24.4) 4903 (23.0) 4097 (26.1) 197 (14.5) 355 (16.3) 4574 (21.1) 3442 (22.6)
  ≥65 1352 (77.4) 1819 (66.4) 5376 (17.6) 4145 (15.8) 930 (70.2) 1401 (65.3) 4770 (22.3) 3484 (22.2) 983 (72.6) 1655 (76.0) 6098 (28.1) 4744 (31.2)
 Cohabitation             
  Living with someone 780 (44.7) 1889 (69.0) 21,610 (70.7) 17,237 (65.7) 778 (58.8) 1766 (82.2) 17,147 (80.3) 13,064 (83.3) 785 (58.0) 1737 (79.8) 16,810 (77.5) 12,466 (81.9)
  Living alone 966 (55.3) 849 (31.0) 8942 (29.3) 9011 (34.3) 546 (41.2) 382 (17.8) 4212 (19.7) 2613 (16.7) 569 (42.0) 440 (20.2) 4880 (22.5) 2756 (18.1)
 Current smocking             
  No 1361 (78.0) 2034 (74.3) 20,755 (67.9) 18,380 (70.1) 999 (75.5) 1650 (76.8) 15,673 (73.4) 11,947 (76.2) 1182 (87.3) 1978 (90.8) 19,408 (89.5) 13,985 (91.9)
  Yes 314 (18.0) 661 (24.1) 9226 (30.2) 7544 (28.7) 257 (19.4) 436 (20.3) 5135 (24.0) 3363 (21.5) 161 (11.9) 189 (8.7) 2216 (10.2) 1203 (7.9)
  Missing 71 (4.0) 43 (1.6) 571 (1.9) 324 (1.2) 68 (5.1) 62 (2.9) 551 (2.6) 367 (2.3) 11 (0.8) 10 (0.5) 66 (0.3) 34 (0.2)
 Physical activity             
  Inactived 252 (14.4) 212 (7.8) 1511 (5.0) 1493 (5.7) 135 (10.2) 189 (8.8) 730 (3.4) 871 (5.6) 130 (9.6) 139 (6.4) 631 (2.9) 628 (4.1)
  Activee 948 (54.3) 2057 (75.1) 25,941 (84.9) 22,924 (87.3) 1130 (85.3) 1911 (89.0) 20,293 (95.0) 14,602 (93.1) 1177 (86.9) 1986 (91.2) 20,761 (95.7) 14,414 (94.7)
  Missing 546 (31.3) 469 (17.1) 3100 (10.1) 1831 (7.0) 59 (4.5) 48 (2.2) 336 (1.6) 204 (1.3) 47 (3.5) 52 (2.4) 298 (1.4) 180 (1.2)
 Alcohol consumption             
  No or lowf 1522 (87.2) 2127 (77.7) 25,814 (84.5) 20,008 (76.2) 977 (73.8) 1286 (59.9) 14,202 (66.5) 8329 (53.2) 1159 (85.6) 1641 (75.4) 17,946 (82.7) 11,014 (72.4)
  Moderate to frequentg 44 (2.5) 311 (11.4) 2275 (7.4) 4615 (17.6) 257 (19.4) 802 (37.3) 6570 (30.8) 7092 (45.2) 157 (11.6) 499 (22.9) 3516 (16.2) 4074 (26.7)
  Missing 180 (10.3) 300 (10.9) 2463 (8.1) 1625 (6.2) 90 (6.8) 60 (2.8) 587 (2.7) 256 (1.6) 38 (2.8) 37 (1.7) 228 (1.1) 134 (0.9)
 BMIh (kg/m2)             
  Underweight to normal 471 (27.0) 740 (27.0) 13,942 (45.7) 9405 (35.8) 333 (25.2) 447 (20.8) 8317 (38.9) 3915 (25.0) 396 (29.3) 446 (20.5) 8522 (39.3) 4141 (27.2)
  Overweight to obese 1178 (67.5) 1939 (70.8) 16,323 (53.4) 16,685 (63.6) 974 (73.6) 1682 (78.3) 12,978 (60.8) 11,725 (74.8) 927 (68.5) 1689 (77.6) 13,052 (60.2) 11,007 (72.3)
  Missing 97 (5.5) 59 (2.2) 287 (0.9) 158 (0.6) 17 (1.2) 19 (0.9) 64 (0.3) 37 (0.2) 31 (2.2) 42 (1.9) 116 (0.5) 74 (0.5)
  1. CVDs, Cardiovascular diseases; HUNT, The Trøndelag Health Study
  2. aDepression symptoms defined by HADS-D ≥ 8, HADS-D Hospital Anxiety and Depression-subscale Depression
  3. bAnxiety symptoms defined by HADS-A ≥ 8, HADS-A Hospital Anxiety and Depression-subscale Anxiety
  4. cSd = standard deviation
  5. dInactive = never or no light/hard physical activity per week
  6. eActive = less than once or more light/hard physical activity per week
  7. Light physical activity (no sweating or heavy breathing) vs hard physical activity
  8. fNo or low drinking = Never or ≤ 1 time/week
  9. gModerate (2–3 times/week) to frequent (≥ 4 times/week)
  10. hBMI = Body mass index; underweight to normal: BMI < 25 kg/m2; overweight to obese: BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2