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Table 1 Mental health items for the Class Analysis (LCA) divided into hedonic and eudemonic dimensions

From: Mental health groups in high school students and later school dropout: a latent class and register-based follow-up analysis of the Danish National Youth Study

  Items used as indicator Response options Coding to LCA
Hedonic wellbeing:
Self-esteem I am good enough the way I am Strongly agree (1)
Agree (2)
Neither agree nor disagree (3)
Disagree (4)
Strongly disagree (5)
High Self-esteem (1–2) vs. Low or moderate self-esteem (3–5)
Life satisfaction All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days 11-step ladder with ‘worst possible life’ = “0” and ‘best possible life’ = “10” High life satisfaction (8–10) vs. Low or moderate life satisfaction (0–7)
Feeling low How often have you experienced the following in the past six months: Feeling low Almost every day (1)
More than once a week (2)
Almost every week (3)
Almost every month (4)
Rarely or never (5)
Weekly (1–3) vs. Less often than weekly (4–5)
Feeling irritable How often have you experienced the following in the past six months: Irritable/bad tempered Almost every day (1)
More than once a week (2)
Almost every week (3)
Almost every month (4)
Rarely or never (5)
Weekly (1–3) vs. Less often than weekly (4–5)
Feeling nervous How often have you experienced the following in the past six months: Feeling nervous Almost every day (1)
More than once a week (2)
Almost every week (3)
Almost every month (4)
Rarely or never (5)
Weekly (1–3) vs. Less often than weekly (4–5)
Stress How often do you feel stressed? Never/almost never’ (1)
Monthly (2)
Weekly (3)
Daily (4)
Daily (4) vs. Not daily (1–3)
Loneliness Do you feel lonely? Yes, very often (1)
Yes, often (2)
Yes, sometimes (3)
No (4)
Often lonely (1–2) vs. Not often lonely (3–4)
Eudemonic wellbeing:
Autonomy The past two weeks: I’ve been able to make up my own mind about things None of the time (1)
Rarely (2)
Some of the time (3)
Often (4)
All of the time (5)
High autonomy (4–5) vs. Low or moderate autonomy (1–3)
Self-efficacy How often can you manage the things you decide to do ? Very often (1)
Often (2)
Sometimes (3)
Rarely (4)
Never (5)
High self-efficacy (1–2) vs. Low or moderate self-efficacy (3–5)
Social relatedness How easy is it to talk to the following persons about things that really bother you? (your mother/father/friends) Very easy (1)
Easy (2)
Difficult (3)
Very difficult (4)
Don’t have/see (5)
Easy (1–2) vs.Difficult/don’t have or see the person (3–5)