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Table 5 Logistic regression analysis for the association between coping strategies and both, the health anxiety level, and perceived stress level among international students

From: Health anxiety, perceived stress, and coping styles in the shadow of the COVID-19

Dependent/outcome variables Independent variables (coping strategy) aOR P-value 95% CI
Health anxietya Wishful thinking 3.24 < 0.001 2.18–4.82
Goal-oriented 0.60 0.015 0.39–0.90
Thinking it over 1.22 0.294 0.84–1.77
Avoidance 1.02 0.910 0.72–1.44
Perceived stressb Wishful thinking 6.74 < 0.001 4.09–11.12
Goal-oriented 0.31 < 0.001 0.19–0.51
Thinking it over 0.58 0.010 0.38–0.88
Avoidance 1.23 0.282 0.84–1.80
  1. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aModel (a): Health anxiety was treated as outcome dummy variable with median split; median 35. Model’s characteristics: χ2(1) = 16.148; p < 0.001; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.177
  3. bModel (b): Perceived stress was treated as outcome dummy variable with median split; median 2,4. Model’s characteristics: χ2(1) = 7.179; p = 0.007; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.370