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Table 4 Validated classification performance of individual classifiers in all study cohorts

From: Machine learning-based ability to classify psychosis and early stages of disease through parenting and attachment-related variables is associated with social cognition

Stydy Cohort True Negatives True Positives False Negatives False Positives Sensitivity Specificity Balanced Accuracy Area Under the Curve Positive Predictive Value Negative Predictive Value Positive Likelihood Ratio Permutation Test, p value
Discovery Sample (HC vs. PSY) 44 28 6 27 82.4 62.0 72.2 0.71 50.9 88.0 3.5  < 0.001
Validation Clinical Sample (HC vs. ESD) 34 19 11 26 67.7 59.3 63.2 0.63 46.6 77.7 1.8 n.a
Validation Familial Risk Sample
(HC vs. FHR)
9 7 6 17 53.8 34.6 44.2 0.46 29.1 60.0 0.8 n.a
  1. HC = Healthy Controls; PSY = Patients with Psychosis; ESD = Early Stages of Disease; FHR = Familial High Risk