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Table 3 Social Cognition performance in all study samples

From: Machine learning-based ability to classify psychosis and early stages of disease through parenting and attachment-related variables is associated with social cognition

  All subjects (mean ± SD) HC
(mean ± SD)
PSY
(mean ± SD)
HC vs. PSY
p value
A. Discovery sample     
FEIT %correct 77.82 ± 10.66 82.004 ± 7.83 69.09 ± 10.57  < 0.001*
TASIT tot.corr. Section 1 24.13 ± 3.22 25.34 ± 1.93 21.62 ± 3.97  < 0.001*
TASIT tot.corr. Section 2 48.37 ± 8.45 51.42 ± 6.40 41.79 ± 8.67  < 0.001*
TASIT tot.corr. Section 3 49.56 ± 7.11 53.04 ± 3.71 42.38 ± 7.07  < 0.001*
MSCEIT Br4 total score 83.04 ± 9.84 85.75 ± 9.47 77.39 ± 8.16  < 0.001*
  All subjects (mean ± SD) HC
(mean ± SD)
ESD
(mean ± SD)
HC vs. ESD
p value
B. Validation clinical sample
FEIT %correct 79.27 ± 8.18 80.43 ± 7.21 76.96 ± 9.57 0.057
TASIT tot.corr. Section 1 25.12 ± 2.41 25.40 ± 2.33 24.57 ± 2.50 0.122
TASIT tot.corr. Section 2 50.85 ± 4.93 52.20 ± 4.17 48.17 ± 5.30  < 0.001*
TASIT tot.corr. Section 3 50.10 ± 5.01 51.25 ± 3.56 47.80 ± 6.58 0.011*
MSCEIT Br4 total score 86.49 ± 9.78 87.44 ± 10.01 84.58 ± 9.17 0.193
  All subjects (mean ± SD) HC
(mean ± SD)
FHR
(mean ± SD)
HC vs. FHR
p value
C. Validation familial risk sample
FEIT %correct 80.02 ± 1.32 80.03 ± 1.36 80 ± 1.27 0.942
TASIT tot.corr. Section 1 23.83 ± 1.14 24 ± 1.30 23.50 ± 0.64 0.200
TASIT tot.corr. Section 2 51.28 ± 4.16 56.50 ± 1.85 48.67 ± 1.84  < 0.001*
TASIT tot.corr. Section 3 53.83 ± 2.01 54 ± 2.42 53.50 ± 0.64 0.471
MSCEIT Br4 total score 82.25 ± 5.08 87.41 ± 3.36 83.93 ± 7.04 0.043*
  1. Significant between-groups differences (p < 0.05) are marked with (*)
  2. PBI = Parental Bonding Instrument; FEIT = Facial Emotion Identification task; TASIT = The Awareness Of Social Inference Test; MSCEIT = Mayer–Salovey–Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test; HC = Healthy Controls; PSY = Patients with Psychosis; ESD = Early Stages of Disease; FHR = Familial High Risk; SD = standard deviation