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Table 2 Current depressive symptoms (standardised PHQ-9 scores) predicted by age and conformity to masculine norms (standardised CMNI-22 factors)

From: Associations between conformity to masculine norms and depression: age effects from a population study of Australian men

  βb p value 95% CI
(Intercept) 0.11 0.00 [0.05, 0.17]
Agea
 15–17 0.08 0.03 [0.01, 0.16]
 18–25 0.14 0.00 [0.08, 0.20]
 26–35 0.09 0.00 [0.03, 0.14]
 36–50 0.05 0.06 [0.00, 0.10]
CMNI factors
 Work − 0.05 0.00 [− 0.06, − 0.03]
 Playboy 0.01 0.60 [− 0.03, 0.06]
 Winning 0.08 0.00 [0.03, 0.13]
 Self-reliance 0.33 0.00 [0.29, 0.38]
 Dominance − 0.03 0.00 [− 0.04, − 0.01]
 Risk-taking − 0.03 0.00 [− 0.05, − 0.02]
 Emotional control − 0.01 0.36 [− 0.02, 0.01]
 Heterosexual presentation − 0.02 0.03 [− 0.04, 0.00]
 Power over women 0.00 0.87 [− 0.05, 0.04]
 Violence 0.05 0.00 [0.03, 0.07]
 Status − 0.02 0.01 [− 0.04, − 0.01]
Age × playboya
 15–17 0.11 0.00 [0.04, 0.19]
 18–25 0.07 0.02 [0.01, 0.13]
 26–35 0.12 0.00 [0.06, 0.17]
 36–50 0.06 0.04 [0.00, 0.11]
Age × winninga
 15–17 − 0.09 0.01 [− 0.16, − 0.02]
 18–25 − 0.12 0.00 [− 0.18, − 0.06]
 26–35 − 0.11 0.00 [− 0.17, − 0.05]
 36–50 − 0.08 0.00 [− 0.14, − 0.03]
Age × self-reliancea
 15–17 − 0.09 0.02 [− 0.16, − 0.02]
 18–25 − 0.03 0.26 [− 0.09, 0.02]
 26–35 − 0.10 0.00 [− 0.15, − 0.04]
 36–50 − 0.06 0.02 [− 0.11, − 0.01]
Age × power over womena
 15–17 − 0.09 0.02 [− 0.16, − 0.01]
 18–25 − 0.07 0.03 [− 0.13, − 0.01]
 26–35 − 0.01 0.70 [− 0.07, 0.05]
 36–50 − 0.02 0.55 [− 0.07, − 0.04]
  1. Bold values denote statistical significance at the p < 0.05 level
  2. All models adjusted for Index of Relative Social Disadvantage (IRSD) and Remoteness Area
  3. aReference group for age is the 51–55 age group
  4. bInteraction terms represent the difference in β’s between the comparison group and reference group