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Table 3 Comparisons of active ageing of the results between the experimental and control

From: An integrative counselling program to promote active ageing for older people in Thai nursing homes: an intervention mixed methods design

Domains of active ageing / period Experimental group Control Group Z Mann–Whitney U
Mean rank Sum of rank Mean rank Sum of rank
1. Being self-reliance
 Pre-test 8.63 69.00 8.38 67.00 0.11
 Post-test 12.50 100.00 4.50 36.00 3.38*
2. Being actively engaged with society
 Pre-test 8.63 69.00 8.38 67.00 0.11
 Post-test 12.06 96.50 4.94 39.50 3.01*
3. Growing spiritual wisdom
 Pre-test 6.75 54.00 10.25 82.00 1.50
 Post-test 11.25 90.00 5.75 46.00 2.36*
4. Building up financial security    
 Pre-test 8.31 66.50 8.69 69.50 0.16
 Post-test 10.81 86.50 6.19 49.50 2.00*
5. Maintaining healthy lifestyle
 Pre-test 8.75 70.00 8.25 66.00 0.22
 Post-test 11.88 95.00 5.13 41.00 2.93*
6. Engaging in active learning
 Pre-test 8.31 66.50 8.69 69.50 0.17
 Post-test 10.88 87.00 6.13 49.00 2.15*
7. Strengthening family ties for being cared for in the late life
 Pre-test 8.00 64.00 9.00 72.00 0.49
 Post-test 10.81 86.50 6.19 49.50 2.04*
Active ageing (overall)
 Pre-test 7.31 58.50 9.69 77.50 1.01
 Post-test 12.50 100.00 4.50 36.00 3.37*
  1. *p < 0.05