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Table 1 Diagnostic criteria for Exhaustion Disorder according to the National Board of Health and Welfare (2003)

From: Long-term follow-up of residual symptoms in patients treated for stress-related exhaustion

APhysical and mental symptoms of exhaustion with minimum two weeks duration. The symptoms have developed in response to one or more identifiable stressors which have been present for at least 6 months.
BMarkedly reduced mental energy, which is manifested by reduced initiative, lack of endurance, or increase of time needed for recovery after mental efforts.
CAt least four of the following symptoms have been present most of the day, nearly every day, during the same 2-week period:
1Persistent complaints of impaired memory.
2Markedly reduced capacity to tolerate demands or to work under time pressure.
3Emotional instability or irritability.
4Insomnia or hypersomnia.
5Persistent complaints of physical weakness or fatigue.
6Physical symptoms such as muscular pain, chest pain, palpitations, gastrointestinal problems, vertigo or increased sensitivity to sounds.
DThe symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning.
EThe symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g. a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition (e.g. hypothyroidism, diabetes, infectious disease).
FIf criteria for major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder are met, exhaustion disorder is set a co-morbid condition.