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Table 5 Gender differences in medical students

From: Association between HEXACO personality traits and medical specialty preferences in Mexican medical students: a cross-sectional survey

HEXACO-PI-R DomainsGendert Values †
Mean Scores for Male Students (± SD)Mean Scores for Female Students (± SD)
Honesty–Humility3.37 (± 0.64)3.58 (± 0.55)−2.93 **
Sincerity3.43 (± 0.93)3.51 (± 0.86)−.75
Fairness3.90 (± 0.89)4.16 (± 0.78)−2.55 **
Greed avoidance2.78 (± 0.92)2.92 (± 0.78)−1.37
Modesty3.36 (± 0.85)3.73 (± 0.70)−3.86 ***
Emotionality2.90 (± 0.50)3.23 (± 0.54)−5.22 ***
Fearfulness2.69 (± 0.68)3.02 (± 0.74)−3.88 ***
Anxiety3.36 (± 0.75)3.67 (± 0.75)−3.44 ***
Dependence2.59 (± 0.82)2.90 (± 0.91)−3.02 **
Sentimentality2.98 (± 0.76)3.34 (± 0.76)−3.86 ***
Extraversion3.32 (± 0.60)3.27 (± 0.60).67
Social self-esteem3.59 (± 0.64)3.57 (± 0.78).33
Social boldness3.25 (± 0.90)3.01 (± 0.88)2.24 *
Sociability3.07 (± 0.81)3.10 (± 0.68)−.32
Liveliness3.36 (± 0.80)3.40 (± 0.80)−.45
Agreeableness2.91 (± 0.54)2.90 (± 0.59).20
Forgiveness2.92 (± 0.80)2.93 (± 0.80)−.13
Gentleness2.97 (± 0.68)3.05 (± 0.67)−1.02
Flexibility2.76 (± 0.71)2.81 (± 0.77)−.51
Patience3.00 (± 0.86)2.80 (± 0.82)1.92
Conscientiousness3.74 (± 0.59)3.73 (± 0.51).10
Organization3.60 (± 0.82)3.60 (± 0.91).06
Diligence4.15 (± 0.66)4.14 (± 0.58).14
Perfectionism3.68 (± 0.73)3.82 (± 0.63)−1.69
Prudence3.53 (± 0.79)3.38 (± 0.74)1.65
Openness to experience3.77 (± 0.46)3.74 (± 0.48).43
Aesthetic appreciation3.98 (± 0.67)4.20 (± 0.63)−2.85 **
Inquisitiveness3.91 (± 0.63)3.70 (± 0.76)2.48 *
Creativity3.75 (± 0.69)3.73 (± 0.76).20
Unconventionality3.44 (± 0.63)3.34 (± 0.61)1.33
Altruism3.49 (± 0.74)3.75 (± 0.64)−3.28 ***
  1. Notes: † t values obtained by Student’s t test (*p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001)
  2. Univariate analysis degrees of freedom: 290