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Table 1 Descriptives and differences of study variables over time

From: Mindfulness is not associated with dissonant attitudes but enhances the ability to cope with them

 T0
(N = 1476)
T1
(N = 708)
T2
(N = 467)
Fdfp
 M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)Fdfp
Explicit attitude9.53 (8.25)9.57 (8.36)9.35 (8.57).102.90
Implicit attitude−.03 (.32)−.06 (.32)−.05 (.31)2.832.06
IED1.01 (.80)1.03 (.79)1.05 (.76).682.50
Observing3.26 (.58)3.21 (.62)3.24 (.63)1.222.30
Describing3.58 (.65)3.01 (.33)3.00 (.35)376.362< .001
Acting with awareness3.21 (.59)2.87 (.49)2.87 (.48)123.942< .001
Accepting without judgment3.76 (.71)2.15 (.74)2.20 (.74)1567.982< .001
Non-reactivity3.06 (.67)3.01 (.67)3.13 (.66)1.612.20
Intention (item 1)2.24 (1.93)2.30 (1.99)2.40 (2.02)1.262.29
Intention (item 2)2.08 (1.10)2.03 (1.08)2.11 (1.08).812.45
Intention (item 3)3.49 (2.53)3.48 (2.53)3.67 (2.54)1.092.34
Red meat consumption (gr/week)473.50 (435.77)493.06 (388.34)484.23 (344.78).572.57