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Table 2 Association between general anxiety and various socio-demographic variables

From: Anxiety among dental professionals and its association with their dependency on social media for health information: insights from the COVID-19 pandemic

Variable Categories Total N (%) Anxiety groups based on the GAD scores P-value
Minimal (score between 0–4) N (%) Mild (score between 5–9) N (%) Moderate (score between 10–14) N (%) Severe (score between 15–21) N (%)
Age  =  < 30 years 139 (35.4) 49 (35.3) 48 (34.5) 21 (15.1) 21 (15.1) 0.096
31–40 years 135 (34.4) 37 (27.4) 49 (36.3) 20 (14.8) 29 (21.5)  
 > 40 years 119 (30.3) 46 (38.7) 40 (33.6) 23 (19.3) 10 (8.4)  
Sex Males 116 (29.5) 58 (50.0) 35 (30.2) 13 (11.2) 10 (8.6)  < 0.0005
Females 277 (70.5) 74 (26.7) 101 (36.5) 52 (18.8) 50 (18.1)  
Clinical experience 1–5 years 129 (33.2) 48 (37.2) 45 (34.9) 20 (15.5) 16 (12.4) 0.074
6–15 years 131 (33.7) 35 (26.7) 43 (32.8) 24 (18.3) 29 (22.1)  
 > 15 years 129 (33.2) 49 (38.0) 49 (38.0) 18 (14.0) 13 (10.1)  
Qualification level Undergraduate 216 (55.1) 73 (33.8) 76 (35.2) 32 (14.8) 35 (16.2) 0.750
Postgraduate 176 (44.9) 58 (33.0) 60 (34.1) 33 (18.8) 25 (14.2)  
Professional category Dentist 218 (55.5) 78 (35.8) 76 (34.9) 33 (15.1) 31 (14.2) 0.063
Dental specialist 118 (30.0) 44 (37.3) 42 (35.6) 16 (13.6) 16 (13.6)  
Dental auxiliarya 57 (14.5) 10 (17.5) 19 (33.3) 15 (26.3) 13 (22.8)  
Jurisdiction region Middle east 361 (92.6) 120 (33.2) 126 (34.9) 61 (16.9) 54 (15.0) 0.967
Non-middle east 29 (7.4) 10 (34.5) 11 (37.9) 4 (13.8) 4 (13.8)  
Practice sector Private clinic 175 (45.1) 69 (39.4) 54 (30.9) 33 (18.9) 19 (19.9) 0.132
Government clinic 84 (21.6) 27 (32.1) 34 (40.5) 8 (9.5) 15 (17.9)  
University teaching clinic 93 (24.0) 26 (28.0) 33 (35.5) 15 (16.1) 19 (20.4)  
Combined 36 (9.3) 8 (22.2) 15 (41.7) 7 (19.4) 6 (16.7)  
Use of social media for information on COVID-19 Infrequently 124 (31.5) 54 (43.5) 42 (33.9) 14 (11.3) 14 (11.3) 0.016
Frequently 270 (68.5) 78 (28.9) 95 (35.2) 51 (18.9) 46 (17.0)  
  1. aIncludes dental interns, dental hygienists, dental nurses and dental technicians