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Table 2 Standardized factor loadings of confirmatory factor analysis for six-factor model

From: Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction-Frustration Scale (BPNSFS)

Item SFL 95% CI
Low High
Autonomy satisfaction    
 I feel a sense of choice and freedom in the things I undertake 0.347 0.30 0.40
 I feel that my decisions reflect what I truly want 0.547 0.50 0.60
 I feel my choices express who I truly am 0.294 0.24 0.34
 I feel I have been doing what truly interests me 0.654 0.60 0.70
Relatedness satisfaction    
 I feel that the people I care about also care about me 0.461 0.41 0.51
 I feel connected with people who care for me, and for whom I care 0.688 0.64 0.74
 I feel close and connected with other people who are important to me 0.672 0.62 0.72
 I experience a warm feeling with the people I spend time with 0.649 0.60 0.70
Competence satisfaction    
 I feel confident that I can do things well 0.601 0.55 0.65
 I feel capable at what I do 0.671 0.62 0.72
 I feel competent to achieve my goals 0.699 0.65 0.75
 I feel I can successfully complete difficult tasks 0.603 0.55 0.65
Autonomy frustration    
 My daily activities feel like a chain of obligations 0.465 0.42 0.52
 I feel pressured to do too many things 0.712 0.66 0.76
 I feel forced to do many things I wouldn’t choose to do 0.611 0.56 0.66
 Most of the things I do feel like “I have to” 0.444 0.39 0.49
Relatedness frustration    
 I feel the relationships I have are just superficial 0.319 0.27 0.37
 I have the impression that people I spend time with dislike me 0.739 0.69 0.79
 I feel that people who are important to me are cold and distant towards me 0.632 0.58 0.68
 I feel excluded from the group I want to belong to 0.653 0.60 0.70
Competence frustration    
 I feel like a failure because of the mistakes I make 0.581 0.53 0.63
 I feel insecure about my abilities 0.659 0.61 0.71
 I feel disappointed with many of my performance 0.538 0.49 0.59
 I have serious doubts about whether I can do things well 0.469 0.42 0.52