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Table 3 Mothers’ reported knowledge and perceived support from health professionals in the intervention and comparison group

From: What are the effects of supporting early parenting by newborn behavioral observations (NBO)? A cluster randomised trial

First follow-up three months after birth Intervention group N = 929 Comparison group N = 771  
n Mean (S.D.) (%) n Mean (S.D.) (%) P-value
Mothers’ reported knowledge
 Infant’s communication skillsa(0–4) 859 2.01 (0.91) 700 2.18 (0.99) 0.0151
 How to respond to infant cuesa(0–4) 859 2.07 (0.92) 700 2.22 (0.98) 0.0361
 How to sooth the infanta(0–4) 859 2.26 (1.05) 700 2.43 (1.08) 0.0071
 How to establish a relation with the infanta(0–4) 859 2.11 (1.01) 700 2.26 (1.04) 0.0431
 How to regulate infant’s sleep a(0–4) 859 2.61 (1.02) 700 2.59 (1.06) 0.681
Support from health professionals
 Infant examined three weeks postpartum 854 (94%) 701 (95%) 0.712
 Observations shared with health visitor 810 (94%) 663 (93%) 0.842
 Number of home visits by health visitor 848 3.92 (1.34) 695 3.75 (1.20) 0.111
 Days before first home visit by health visitor 826 6.03 (4.75) 680 5.96 (5.78) 0.911
 Help from health visitors by phone 857 (11%) 699 (10%) 0.922
 Help from general practitioner 857 (37%) 699 (35%) 0.312
  1. Note: Bold values indicate a significance level at 5%. alow score favourable. Mixed-effects regression1 and mixed-effects logistic regression2analysis adjusted for clustering