Skip to main content

Table 1 Participants’ body image scores at different measurement time points based on their characteristics

From: Body image before and after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: comparison and its contributing factors

Demographics characteristics N (%) Before surgery P value After 1 month P value
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Gender    0.579a   0.110a
 Male 75 (53.6) 139.2 ± 11.94   161.22 ± 6.44  
 Female 65 (46.4) 141. 6 ± 140.27 159.12 ± 8.92
Marital status    0.002a   0.533a
 Married 123(87.9) 138.30 ± 12.31   160.09 ± 7.64  
 Single 17(12.1) 149.00 ± 15.96 161.35 ± 8.65
Age (Years)    < 0.001b   0.886b
 40–50 33(23.6) 146.12 ± 16.05   159.66 ± 8.85  
 51–60 89(63.3) 138.58 ± 12.11 160.43 ± 7.65
 > 60 18(12.9) 132.72 ± 6.71 160.38 ± 6.29
Educational status    < 0.001a   0.587a
 Illiterate 11 (7.9) 137.18 ± 15.40   158.54 ± 6.97  
 Elementary education 14 (10) 136.57 ± 5.40   162.21 ± 5.89  
 Secondary education 80 (57.1) 135.16 ± 9.98   159.97 ± 6.92  
 High school diploma and higher c 35(25) 149.22 ± 15.68 161.08 ± 9.90
Employment    < 0.001b   0.620b
 White-collar worker 13(9.3) 153.23 ± 14.78   161.69 ± 7.00  
 Self-employed 34(24.3) 138.70 ± 11.03 161.32 ± 6.35
 Housewife 45(32.1) 140.50 ± 14.12 159.33 ± 9.38
 Retired 48(34.3) 135.40 ± 10.65 159.95 ± 7.21
Tranquilizer use    0.032a   0.332a
 Yes 36(25.7) 135.55 ± 8.53   161.33 ± 7.09  
 No 104(74.3) 141.00 ± 14.26 159.87 ± 7.96
History of co-morbidities   0.185a   0.567a
 Yes 103(73.6) 138.71 ± 13.08   160.47 ± 7.37  
 No 37(26.4) 142.08 ± 13.46 159.62 ± 8.81
Type of co-morbidities    0.170   0.563
 Hypertension 20(14.4) 142.58 ± 13.34   160.02 ± 7.82  
 Diabetes mellitus 22(15.7) 135.08 ± 9.94   160.30 ± 5.78  
 Hyperlipidemia 17(12.1) 134.84 ± 8.78   159.78 ± 6.58  
 Other diseases 44(31.4) 139.51 ± 15.24   158.23 ± 6.15  
Body mass index    0.073b   0.163b
 18.5–24.9 6(4.3) 143.16 ± 9.66   161.83 ± 7.60  
 25–29.9 72(51.4) 141.18 ± 14.53 161.12 ± 8.51
 30–34.9 52(37.1) 139.86 ± 11.33 159.76 ± 6.82
 35–39.5 10(7.1) 130.80 ± 10.89 155.50 ± 5.01
  1. aThe results of the independent-sample t test
  2. bThe results of the one-way ANOVA
  3. cTukey post hoc analysis showed that only patients with ‘diploma and higher education’ differed significantly from other groups