Skip to main content

Table 4 Exploratory factor analysis assuming a five-factor structure by using maximum likelihood with Promax rotation

From: Japanese version of the 42-item psychological well-being scale (PWBS-42): a validation study

  Reverse Item Factor loading score
1 2 3 4 5
E6 R Difficult arranging life in satisfying way 0.682 0.170 −0.019 0.059 − 0.090
E2 R Demands of everyday life often get me down 0.633 0.031 −0.101 0.008 −0.107
E5 R Overwhelmed by my responsibilities 0.628 0.023 −0.134 0.135 −0.065
A6 R Worry about what others think of me 0.600 0.070 −0.147 0.236 −0.175
S5 R Disappointed about achievements in life 0.592 0.165 0.101 −0.118 0.058
P4 R Daily activities seem trivial & unimportant 0.531 0.057 −0.015 − 0.089 0.153
R2 R Maintaining close relationships difficult 0.531 −0.109 0.212 0.073 −0.043
S6 R Self attitude not as positive as others 0.520 0.222 0–.029 −0.127 0.048
S3 R Others have gotten more out of life than me 0.507 −0.032 −0.082 0.018 0.001
R3 R Few close friends to share concerns with 0.501 −0.076 0.339 −0.088 0.037
E3 R Don’t fit in with people and community 0.492 −0.074 0.264 −0.045 − 0.012
G3 R Haven’t improved as person over years 0.488 0.285 −0.013 −0.140 0.143
R6 R No experience with warm & trusting relations 0.487 −0.135 0.300 −0.094 0.231
G6 R Gave up trying to make improvements long ago 0.461 0.065 0.025 −0.036 0.397
P3 R No good sense of what I’m trying to accomplish 0.458 0.401 −0.160 −0.139 0.150
G7 R Do not enjoy situations requiring a change in my ways 0.441 −0.129 −0.005 0.097 0.135
A3 R Influenced by people with strong opinions 0.432 −0.158 −0.115 0.305 −0.079
S7   Feel good when compare myself to friends 0.071 0.703 0.174 −0.021 −0.184
P7 R Done all there is to do in life 0.059 −0.684 0.067 0.047 0.350
S2   Feel positive/confident about self 0.081 0.595 −0.085 0.209 0.146
G4   Developed a lot as person over time 0.052 0.560 0.183 −0.003 0.036
P5   Enjoy making plans for future and making it real −0.091 0.520 −.044 −0.002 0.379
P2   Have sense of direction/purpose in life −0.100 0.509 −0.142 0.115 0.483
S1   Pleased with how life turned out 0.103 0.480 0.196 −0.082 −0.057
E4   Good at managing daily responsibilities 0.051 0.465 0.131 0.241 −0.113
A4   Confidence in my opinions even if others are contrary −0.221 0.427 −0.018 0.371 0.083
S4   Like most aspects of my personality 0.147 0.424 0.283 0.075 −0.136
E7   Able to build lifestyle to my liking 0.148 0.424 0.176 0.100 0–.105
P6   Some wander aimlessly but not me −0.040 0.369 0.113 −0.011 0.082
R7   I can trust friends & they can trust me 0.003 0.144 0.679 0.073 −0.092
R4   Enjoy conversations with family & friends −0.004 0.132 0.508 0.037 0.080
R1   Most see me as loving/affectionate −0.094 0.191 0.495 0.051 0.000
R5   Others describe me as giving/share time −0.116 0.292 0.386 0.019 −0.025
A1   Not afraid to voice opposing opinions 0.095 − 0.020 0.037 0.694 0.103
A5 R Difficulty voicing opinion on controversial issues 0.461 −0.147 − 0.068 0.498 0.138
E1   In charge of situation in which I live 0.110 0.142 0.207 0.450 0.070
A2   Decisions not influenced by others’ actions −0.019 0.286 0–.007 0.389 −0.088
A7   Judge self by what I think is important −0.090 0.070 0.102 0.379 0.038
G5   Life process of learning/changing/growth −0.133 0.217 0.214 0.047 0.460
G2   Important to experience the challenge how to think about yourself and the world −0.233 − 0.037 0.199 0.236 0.447
G1 R Not interested in activities to expand horizons 0.296 −0.231 0.043 0.087 0.446
P1 R Live life day to day, don’t think about future 0.202 −0.132 −0.185 − 0.075 0.432