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Table 3 Results of the cross-sectional ordinal regression analyses evaluating associations of contextual factors and indicators of health status with overall self-sufficiency (n = 755)

From: Young adults’ self-sufficiency in daily life: the relationship with contextual factors and health indicators

  Univariable model of self-sufficiencya Multivariable model of self-sufficiencyb
OR (95%CI)* OR (95%CI)*
Contextual factors
Socio-demographics and context
  Age (in years) 0.85 (0.80; 0.91) 0.91 (0.83; 1.00)
  Gender
   Male Ref. Ref.
   Female 1.01 (0.75; 1.37) 1.09 (0.71; 1.65)
  Intermediate vocational educationc
   Level 1–3 Ref. Ref.
   Level 4 0.62 (0.47; 0.83) 0.72 (0.47; 1.09)
  Ethnic background
   Dutch Ref. Ref.
   Non-Dutch 1.28 (0.97; 1.69) 0.98 (0.66; 1.45)
  Living situation
   With caretaker Ref. Ref.
   Not with caretaker 0.31 (0.20; 0.49) 0.65 (0.34; 1.25)
  Perceived school performance
    > Average Ref. Ref.
    ≤ Average 0.39 (0.29; 0.52) 0.79 (0.54; 1.15)
Risk behaviors
  Current smoking
   No Ref. Ref.
   Yes 0.60 (0.44; 0.80) 0.81 (0.51; 1.27)
  Binge drinkingd
   0 times/ 4 weeks Ref. Ref.
    ≥ 1 time/4 weeks 0.76 (0.58; 0.99) 0.76 (0.51; 1.13)
  Cannabis use
   0 times/4 weeks Ref. Ref.
    ≥ 1 time/4 weeks 0.44 (0.31; 0.64) 0.57 (0.33; 0.99)
  Criminal behavior
   0 times/year Ref. Ref.
    ≥ 1 time/year 0.81 (0.55; 1.21) 1.19 (0.70; 2.02)
  Truancy
   0 h Ref. Ref.
   1–5 h 0.84 (0.62; 1.14) 0.95 (0.64; 1.41)
    ≥ 6 h 0.37 (0.23; 0.59) 0.59 (0.32; 1.11)
Indicators of health status
 Sickness absence (days/8 weeks) 0.89 (0.86; 0.91) 0.94 (0.91; 0.98)
 Depressive symptoms (CES-D scale) 0.87 (0.85; 0.88) 0.87 (0.85; 0.89)
  1. Note: Self-sufficiency was entered as an ordinal variable ranging from self-sufficient on all life-domains, self-sufficient on ten life-domains, self-sufficient on nine life-domains and self-sufficient on eight or fewer life-domains. Odds ratios represent the odds for a participant to be allocated within a higher self-sufficiency category if they would have scored one point higher on the predictor variable. Bold numbers indicate a statistically significant (p < 0.05) association
  2. *Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) from ordinal regression analyses
  3. a The predictor variables were entered separately in the univariable model
  4. b The predictor variables were entered simultaneously in the multivariable model
  5. c Intermediate vocational education consists of four levels: 1 = assistant training; 2 = basic vocational training; 3 = vocational training; 4 = middle-management training
  6. d Binge drinking was defined as consuming five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion