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Table 1 Characteristics of significant others and persons with disabilities

From: Appraisals and coping mediate the relationship between resilience and distress among significant others of persons with spinal cord injury or acquired brain injury: a cross-sectional study

  Total (n = 228) SCI (n = 122) ABI (n = 106)
Significant others n n(%) / mean (SD), range n n(%) / mean (SD), range n n(%) / mean (SD), range
 Sex (female) 228 149 (65.4) 122 92 (75.4)* 106 57 (53.8)*
 Age in years 224 54.1 (12.8), 23–82 120 54.4 (13.7), 25–82 104 53.9 (11.8), 23–75
 Nationality (non-Dutch) 226 17 (7.5) 121 9 (7.4) 105 8 (7.5)
 Education level (high) 223 86 (38.6) 118 41 (34.7) 105 45 (42.9)
 Relationship with person with SCI/ABI (partner) 228 165 (72.4) 122 86 (70.5) 106 79 (74.5)
Injury information
 Physical independence 218 34.6 (18.8), 0–70 120 27.7 (17.4), 0–70* 98 43.0 (17.0), 5–70*
 Cause (non-traumatic) 227 154 (67.8) 122 65 (53.3)* 105 89 (84.8)*
 AISa (SCI only) 121  
  A 15 (12.4)
  B 18 (14.9)
  C 23 (19.0)
  D 65 (53.7)
 Level/location injury 122   99  
  Paraplegia 59 (48.4) Left 41 (41.4)
  Tetraplegia 63 (51.6) Right 35 (35.3)
  Both sides 18 (18.2)
  Brainstem 5 (5.1)
  1. Note. SCI Spinal cord injury, ABI Acquired brain injury, SD Standard deviation, n Number of participants
  2. *Independent samples t-test showed a difference in sex (t (209.0) = 3.5, p < .01), physical independence (t (209.2) = − 6.5, p < .001) and cause of injury (t (215.5) = 5.3, p < .001) between SCI and ABI. aAIS = American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale. A = complete; B = sensory incomplete; C = motor incomplete with less than half of key muscle functions below the single neurological level of injury having a muscle grade ≥ 3; D = motor incomplete with at least half of key muscle functions below the single neurological level of injury having a muscle grade ≥ 3 [33]