Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of adolescents in a family-based intervention of 170 adolescents with restrictive eating disorders

From: Changes and predictive value for treatment outcome of the compulsive exercise test (CET) during a family-based intervention for adolescents eating disorders

  EDE-Q global score at 1-year follow-up ED at 1-year follow-up
<2.0 ≥2.0 No ED Persisting ED
n 125 45 99 71
At presentation
 Gender (M/F) 9/116 1/44 8/91 2/69
 Age (years) 14.9 ± 1.6 15.3 ± 1.4 15.1 ± 1.6 15.0 ± 1.5
 BMI SDS −0.98 ± 1.21 − 0.45 ± 1.05 − 0.80 ± 1.23 −0.90 ± 1.14
 Weight loss (kg) 6.2 ± 5.3 7.0 ± 5.6 6.2 ± 5.6 6.7 ± 5.1
 Duration (months) 8.6 ± 7.1 9.9 ± 8.4 9.8 ± 8.0 7.8 ± 6.6
 Reporting vomiting 20 (16%) 9 (20%) 18 (18%) 11 (15%)
 Reporting exercise 99 (79%) 38 (84%) 80 (80%) 57 (80%)
 Depression 17 (14%) 11 (24%) 14 (14%) 14 (20%)
 Reported exercise frequency (days/week) 3.7 ± 2.0 3.6 ± 1.8 3.7 ± 1.9 3.2 ± 1.6
 CET avoidance and rule driven behaviour 2.4 ± 1.4 3.1 ± 1.2** 2.5 ± 1.4 2.7 ± 1.4
 CET weight control 2.8 ± 1.4 3.7 ± 1.0*** 3.0 ± 1.3 3.2 ± 1.4
 CET mood regulation 3.5 ± 1.3 3.7 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 1.1 3.6 ± 1.3
 CET lack of exercise enjoyment 1.4 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 1.1
 CET exercise rigidity 2.6 ± 1.3 3.1 ± 1.1** 2.6 ± 1.2 2.8 ± 1.2
 EDE-Q global score 2.6 ± 1.7 3.7 ± 1.3*** 2.8 ± 1.7 3.2 ± 1.6
 MADRS-S 16 ± 10 21 ± 9** 16 ± 10 19 ± 10
At 1-year follow-up
 BMISDS 0.03 ± 0.89 0.01 ± 1.05 0.13 ± 0.89 −0.12 ± 0.97
 Weight gain at 3 months (kg) 4.6 ± 3.1 2.1 ± 4.0*** 4.7 ± 3.1 3.0 ± 3,7**
 Weight gain at 1 year (kg) 8.2 ± 4.58 4.7 ± 7.7*** 8.0 ± 4.7 6.3 ± 6.8***
 Weight suppression (SDS) 0.35 ± 0.81 0.91 ± 0.95*** 0.37 ± 0.81 0.68 ± 0.96
 Depression 9 (7%) 15 (33%)*** 6 (6%) 18 (25%)**
 ED diagnoses (noED/AN/BN/OSFEDr) 96/1/1/27 (77/< 1/< 1/22%) 3/3/3/36*** (7/7/7/79%) 0/0/0/0 0/4/4/63*** (0/6/6/88%)
 Reported exercise frequency (days/week) 2.8 ± 1.5 3.1 ± 1.7 2.8 ± 1.4 2.9 ± 1.8
 CET avoidance and rule driven behavior 0.9 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 1.1*** 0.9 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 1.4***
 CET weight control 1.1 ± 0.8 3.5 ± 1.2*** 1.1 ± 0.9 2.6 ± 1.5***
 CET mood regulation 3.1 ± 3.4 3.7 ± 1.0** 3.2 ± 1.4 3.5 ± 1.2
 CET lack of exercise enjoyment 1.1 ± 1.2 1.4 ± 0.9 1.0 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.1
 CET exercise rigidity 1.8 ± 1.2 2.9 ± 1.2*** 1.8 ± 1.2 2.5 ± 1.3**
 EDE-Q global score 0.7 ± 0.6 3.5 ± 0.9*** 0.6 ± 0.6 2.5 ± 1.5***
 MADRS-S 7 ± 6 20 ± 10*** 7 ± 6 16 ± 11***
  1. AN anorexia nervosa, BMI body mass index, BN (subthreshold) bulimia nervosa, CET compulsive exercise test, ED eating disorder, EDE-Q eating disorders examination-questionnaire, MADRS-S Montgomery-Åsberg depression rating scale – self report, OSFEDr other specified feeding and eating disorders – restrictive subtype, SDS standard deviation score
  2. Values are means ± SD. Significance of difference between recovered adolescents (EDE-Q < 2.0 or absence of an ED) and those with a persisting disease: ** p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 by Student’s t-test for continuous data and Chi-square test for categorical data