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Table 3 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis, Anxiety (MASC)

From: Emotion regulation and its relation to symptoms of anxiety and depression in children aged 8–12 years: does parental gender play a differentiating role?

Variables Fathers’ reports on child anxiety symptoms as dependent, fathers’ reports on control and independent variables (n = 285) Mothers’ reports on child anxiety symptoms as dependent, mothers’ reports on control and independent variables (n = 534)
β (CI) t Part2 Total R2 R 2 β (CI) t Part2 Total R2 R 2
Step 1     18.10% 19.80%     16.20% 17.10%
Age (child) 0.10 (−0.09, 3.55) 1.87     0.12 (0.73, 3.41) 3.04**    
Gender (child) 0.11 (0.16, 6.58) 2.07*     0.04 (− 1.34, 3.55) 0.89    
Economy (family) −0.11 (− 3.01, − 0.10) − 1.84     −0.09 (− 2.30, − 0.10) − 2.14*    
Parental Education 0.00 (− 1.48, 1.60) 0.08     −0.00 (−1.34, 1.30) − 0.03    
Stress (EASQ) 0.01 (−1.09, 1.28) 0.15     0.14 (0.54, 2.16) 3.29***    
Parental psychiatric health (HSCL) 0.40 (1.12, 2.03) 6.84***     0.30 (0.76, 1.34) 7.08***    
Step 2     30.40% 12.50%     26.20% 10.20%
Age (child) 0.09 (− 0.09, 3.26) 1.86     0.12 (0.71, 3.23) 3.07*    
Gender (child) 0.15 (1.40, 7.34) 2.90**     0.07 (−0.23, 4.39) 1.77    
Economy (family) −0.12 (−3.08, − 0.21) −2.25*     − 0.09 (−2.15, 0.09) −2.14*    
Parental Education 0.04 (−0.91, 1.95) 0.72     0.03 (−0.74, 1.76) 0.80    
Stress (EASQ) −0.05 (−1.57, 0.65) − 0.82     0.07 (− 0.15, 1.40) 1.58    
Parental psychiatric health (HSCL) 0.26 (0.59, 1.48) 4.59***     0.19 (0.37, 0.94) 4.50***    
ERC Liability/Negativity (L/N) 0.30 (0.46, 1.08) 4.85*** 5.76%    0.24 (0.39, 0.86) 5.26*** 3.84%   
ERC Emotion regulation (ER) −0.13 (−1.19, − 0.05) −2.13* 1.10%    − 0.16 (−1.18, − 0.34) −3.57*** 1.77%   
  1. All scores are sum-scores. ERC L/N high scores indicate poor regulation skills. ERC ER high scores indicate good regulation skills
  2. SMFQ Mood and Feeling Questionnaire – short form, ERC Emotion regulation checklist, HSCL The Hopkin‘s symptom check list, EASQ Early Adolescence Stress Questionnaire
  3. *p = < 0.05. **p = < 0.01. ***p = < 0.001
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