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Table 3 Social Support – mean scores as a function of sex and age

From: Social support in the general population: standardization of the Oslo social support scale (OSSS-3)

Variables n OSSS M (SD) Group differencesa Effect Sizeb
Sex    p > .05 d = .03
 Male 1201 10.13 (2.29)   
 Female 1318 10.19c (2.21)   
Age group, yr    p < .001 d = .39
 14–24 302 10.66 (2.07)   
 25–34 297 10.31 (2.29)   
 35–44 453 10.41 (2,20)   
 45–54 448 10.04 (2.36)   
 55–64 407 9.90 (2.18)   
 65–74 404 9.98 (2.17)   
  ≥ 75 208 9.79 (2.40)   
  1. OSSS Oslo Social Support Scale
  2. Notes: a Group differences were performed using Kruskal-Wallis- and Mann-Whitney-U-Tests; for each variable, the subgroups for that variable with the highest and lowest mean scores were used for calculation of effect size b Effect Size as Cohen’s d; c The bolded means represent the subgroups with the highest mean score