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Table 6 Mediation analyses testing the influence of psychological distress and self-esteem on the relationships between attachment insecurity and problematic Facebook use§

From: An exploration of the link between adult attachment and problematic Facebook use

 Effect of IV on MV (a paths)Effect of MV on DV (b paths)Direct effect (cpath)Total effect (c path)Indirect effects (a x b)Indirect effects (a x b) 95% Confidence intervals
VariablesM1M2M1M2M1 - M2X-YM1M2M'1M2
bbbbbbbSEbSELULU
Attachment anxiety6.98**−1.05**            
 Social comparison  0.09**−0.26**1.78**2.68**0.660.130.270.080.410.930.140.45
 Impression management  0.12**−0.48**2.24**3.61**0.860.200.510.110.491.250.310.74
 Self-disclosures  0.04**.000.04**0.07**0.020.010.00.000.010.03.000.01
 Intrusive - social  0.03**−0.030.42**0.67**0.220.050.030.020.140.32−0.010.06
 Intrusive- emotional  0.02*−0.050.38**0.54**0.120.060.050.02.000.25.000.10
 Intrusive – risky/impulsive  0.04**−0.10*0.83**1.25**0.310.100.110.050.130.540.020.21
Attachment avoidance5.57**−0.95**            
 Social comparison  0.14**−0.35**0.53**1.63**0.770.120.340.080.561.070.200.54
 Impression management  0.15**−0.52**2.59**3.89**0.820.170.490.110.531.170.300.72
 Self-disclosures  .00.000.04**0.06**0.02.00.00.00.000.03.000.01
 Intrusive - social  0.04**−0.040.37**0.62**0.210.050.040.020.140.330.010.08
 Intrusive - emotional  0.02**−0.06*0.26*0.44**0.130.040.060.020.060.230.020.11
 Intrusive – risky/impulsive  0.06**−0.13**0.53**0.99**0.34.0090.130.040.200.54.0.050.22
  1. §Notes: a: DV: Problematic Facebook use (i.e. social comparison, impression management, self disclosures, social, emotional consequences, risky/impulsive use)
  2. M1: Psychological distress, M2: Self-esteem
  3. IV: Attachment anxiety/Attachment avoidance
  4. b:X = IV, Y = DV
  5. c: SE = Bootstrapped standard errors,
  6. d: L - Lower confidence interval 95%, U- upper confidence interval 95%
  7. e: Significant indirect effects highlighted in bold
  8. f: * p < .05, ** p < .001