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Table 6 Mediation analyses testing the influence of psychological distress and self-esteem on the relationships between attachment insecurity and problematic Facebook use§

From: An exploration of the link between adult attachment and problematic Facebook use

  Effect of IV on MV (a paths) Effect of MV on DV (b paths) Direct effect (cpath) Total effect (c path) Indirect effects (a x b) Indirect effects (a x b) 95% Confidence intervals
Variables M1 M2 M1 M2 M1 - M2 X-Y M1 M2 M'1 M2
b b b b b b b SE b SE L U L U
Attachment anxiety 6.98** −1.05**             
 Social comparison    0.09** −0.26** 1.78** 2.68** 0.66 0.13 0.27 0.08 0.41 0.93 0.14 0.45
 Impression management    0.12** −0.48** 2.24** 3.61** 0.86 0.20 0.51 0.11 0.49 1.25 0.31 0.74
 Self-disclosures    0.04** .00 0.04** 0.07** 0.02 0.01 0.00 .00 0.01 0.03 .00 0.01
 Intrusive - social    0.03** −0.03 0.42** 0.67** 0.22 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.14 0.32 −0.01 0.06
 Intrusive- emotional    0.02* −0.05 0.38** 0.54** 0.12 0.06 0.05 0.02 .00 0.25 .00 0.10
 Intrusive – risky/impulsive    0.04** −0.10* 0.83** 1.25** 0.31 0.10 0.11 0.05 0.13 0.54 0.02 0.21
Attachment avoidance 5.57** −0.95**             
 Social comparison    0.14** −0.35** 0.53** 1.63** 0.77 0.12 0.34 0.08 0.56 1.07 0.20 0.54
 Impression management    0.15** −0.52** 2.59** 3.89** 0.82 0.17 0.49 0.11 0.53 1.17 0.30 0.72
 Self-disclosures    .00 .00 0.04** 0.06** 0.02 .00 .00 .00 .00 0.03 .00 0.01
 Intrusive - social    0.04** −0.04 0.37** 0.62** 0.21 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.14 0.33 0.01 0.08
 Intrusive - emotional    0.02** −0.06* 0.26* 0.44** 0.13 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.06 0.23 0.02 0.11
 Intrusive – risky/impulsive    0.06** −0.13** 0.53** 0.99** 0.34 .009 0.13 0.04 0.20 0.54. 0.05 0.22
  1. §Notes: a: DV: Problematic Facebook use (i.e. social comparison, impression management, self disclosures, social, emotional consequences, risky/impulsive use)
  2. M1: Psychological distress, M2: Self-esteem
  3. IV: Attachment anxiety/Attachment avoidance
  4. b:X = IV, Y = DV
  5. c: SE = Bootstrapped standard errors,
  6. d: L - Lower confidence interval 95%, U- upper confidence interval 95%
  7. e: Significant indirect effects highlighted in bold
  8. f: * p < .05, ** p < .001