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Table 1 Means, standard deviations and Pearson’s correlations between demographics, SL-SLE, RSA, HSCL, and HHS (N = 762)

From: Resilience or hope? Incremental and convergent validity of the resilience scale for adults (RSA) and the Herth hope scale (HHS) in the prediction of anxiety and depression

   Mean SD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
1 Sex                    
2 Age 28.54 10.48 −.04                 
3 Education    .04 .04                
4 SL- SLE 3.74 2.72 .03 .42 .02               
5 RSA Perception Self 5.37 1.03 −.10** .34 .05 .15              
6 RSA Planned Future 5.06 1.09 .02 .18 .11** .05 .60             
7 RSA Soc. Competence 5.31 .99 .08* .24 .03 .12** .45 .38            
8 RSA Fam. Cohesion 5.47 1.09 .02 .24 .00 .04 .45 .40 .39           
9 RSA Soc. Resources 5.99 .81 .17 .14 .05 .05 .45 .42 .59 .54          
10 RSA Structured Style 5.17 .10 −.01 .25 .03 .03 .39 .41 .26 .31 .26         
11 RSA Total 5.45 .72 .04 .32 .06 .10** .78 .71 .73 .74 .77 .56        
12 HSCL Anxiety 1.50 .39 .12** −.18 −.09* .01 −.55 −.39 −.30 −.31 −.34 −.24 −.50       
13 HSCL Depression 1.49 .41 .08* −.07 −.12** .08* −.56 −.49 −.32 −.38 −.39 −.27 −.56 .71      
14 HSCL Total 1.50 .37 .10** −.12** −.11** .05 −.59 −.48 −.34 −.38 −.40 −.28 −.57 .89 .96     
15 HHS Optimism /Spiritual Support 3.50 .47 .05 .24 .15 .09* .62 .46 .41 .42 .45 .30 .62 −.39 −.48 −.47    
16 HHS Hopelessness 1.95 .60 .06 −.10** −.08* .041 −.52 −.49 −.27 −.32 −.33 −.28 −.51 .53 .62 .63 −.35   
17 HHS Agency 3.71 .43 .15 .08* .18 .037 .42 .47 .30 .30 .39 .34 .50 −.24 −.37 −.35 .68 −.29  
18 HHS Soc. Support/Belonging 3.57 .48 .17 .12** .10** .01 .38 .37 .45 .46 .63 .22 .59 −.35 −.43 −.43 .61 −.32 .55
  1. Spanish-Language Stressful life events (SL-SLE), Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), Hopkins Symptom Check List (HSCL-25), Herth Hope Scale (HHS). All scales are scored such that higher numbers represent higher levels of the constructs
  2. Sex is a categorical variable (male = 0, female = 1) and education is ordinal (high school = 1 to postgraduate education = 3)
  3. All correlations above > .14 are significant at p < .001 (two-tailed) and are bold
  4. * p < .05 ** p < .01 (two-tailed)