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Table 4 Sources focusing on childhood exposure to intimate partner violence

From: Consequences of child emotional abuse, emotional neglect and exposure to intimate partner violence for eating disorders: a systematic critical review

Author, Country Design (cross-sectional, longitudinal) Sample Type (college, community, primary care, tertiary psychiatric care) Sample Size
Sample Characteristics
• % Women
• % Ethnic-minority
• % Immigrant
Age Range (years) Strength of Correlation for child exposure to IPV
Eating Disorders
 Afifi et al. [52], Canada cross-sectional community n = 23, 395 • Unclear
• 16%
• 18%a
18 and over 0.26–0.50bd**
Eating-Disordered Behavior
 Gentile et al. [42], USA* cross-sectional college n = 884 • 56%
• 80.7%
• 71.7%
18 to 40 0.11–0.25bf
 van der Kolk et al. [31], USA longitudinal Community, tertiary psychiatric care, primary health care n = 74 • 52.7%
• Unclear
• Unclear
18 to 39 0.01–0.10bcef
  1. * Country of data collection not articulated. Assumption of country location was made given language used to describe participants (e.g. African American) or based upon identification of the location of the study’s Institutional Review Board
  2. ** Authors reported at least one bivariate correlation estimate to be significant at p < .05
  3. aProportion of respondents indicating they were born outside of Canada
  4. bEstimate falls within this range among men and women
  5. cBased on follow-up data for longitudinal study
  6. dEstimate computed through converting odds ratio for AOR1in Afifi et al. (2014) to Pearson correlation coefficient
  7. e Based on baseline data for longitudinal study
  8. f Estimate reported was non-significant