Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the restricted sample by their post-deployment mental health status

From: Association between baseline psychological attributes and mental health outcomes after soldiers returned from deployment

  Whole sample None   Depressiona PTSDa  
Psychological health outcomes in PDHA
 Screen positive for depressiona 4540 7%       
 Screen positive for PTSDa 7012 11%       
Baseline psychological attributes (in bottom 5 percentile)
 Depression (rev. coding) 1644 3% 980 2% 563 5% 331 5%
 Catastrophizing (rev. coding) 3102 5% 2144 4% 795 7% 434 6%
 Positive Affect 2085 3% 1214 2% 758 7% 397 6%
 Adaptability 1620 3% 1101 2% 452 4% 201 3%
 Coping Ability 2564 4% 1772 4% 671 6% 333 5%
 Optimism 2945 5% 1950 4% 868 8% 415 6%
 Positive Character Actions 1479 2% 1004 2% 392 4% 214 3%
 Engagement with Job 2256 4% 1607 3% 548 5% 283 4%
 Inclusion 2153 3% 1318 3% 722 7% 379 5%
 Organizational Trust 1407 2% 924 2% 390 4% 249 4%
 Friendship 2330 4% 1515 3% 700 6% 373 5%
 Family Satisfaction 2301 4% 1508 3% 655 6% 387 6%
 Family Support 2002 3% 1354 3% 528 5% 348 5%
 Spirituality 2107 3% 1447 3% 574 5% 280 4%
Combat exposure
 witnessed deaths during deployment 19,421 31% 12,824 26% 4418 41% 4535 65%
 discharged weapon during deployment 11,419 18% 7656 16% 2344 22% 2802 40%
 wounded or in danger during deployment 15,705 25% 9772 20% 4104 38% 4008 57%
Demographic and service characteristics
 Mean age (SD) 21.66 4.33 21.66 4.34 21.56 4.26 21.73 4.31
 Male 56,597 90% 44,519 91% 9224 85% 6089 87%
 Female 6589 10% 4646 9% 1611 15% 904 13%
 White 40,696 64% 31,842 65% 6772 62% 4445 64%
 Black 10,937 17% 8355 17% 2063 19% 1265 18%
 Hispanic 8146 13% 6414 13% 1284 12% 920 13%
 Asian 2910 5% 2159 4% 640 6% 310 4%
 Other minority 497 1% 395 1% 76 1% 53 1%
 at least college degree 6316 10% 4969 10% 1086 10% 613 9%
 Single 50,640 80% 39,541 80% 8536 79% 5520 79%
 Married 12,546 20% 9624 20% 2299 21% 1473 21%
 Divorced 866 1% 649 1% 178 2% 114 2%
 Have children 9098 14% 6928 14% 1687 16% 1131 16%
 AFQT scores 31–49 21,033 33% 16,337 33% 3571 33% 2472 35%
 AFQT scores 50–64 15,396 24% 11,920 24% 2660 25% 1778 25%
 AFQT scores 65–92 22,062 35% 17,232 35% 3776 35% 2323 33%
 Aviation 4187 7% 3292 7% 729 7% 357 5%
 Combat service 3360 5% 2686 5% 570 5% 248 4%
 Service support 15,332 24% 11,760 24% 2914 27% 1635 23%
 Other occupation 10,630 17% 8534 17% 1706 16% 869 12%
 Rank E1-E2 1857 3% 1303 3% 455 4% 284 4%
 Rank E3 17,056 27% 13,207 27% 3059 28% 1880 27%
 Rank E4 and above 44,273 70% 34,655 70% 7321 68% 4829 69%
 pre-deployment assessment available 37,995 60% 29,031 59% 6946 64% 4483 64%
 sought psychological health counseling pre-deployment 1399 2% 778 2% 521 5% 326 5%
 sample 63,186   49,165   10,835   6, 993  
  1. PTSD: screen positive for PTSD symptoms based on the Primary Care PTSD screen
  2. aDepression: screened positive for depression symptoms based on 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire