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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of self-rated depression and social capital among respondents aged 18 and over in Moscow, 2004, by gender (%)

From: Social capital – a mixed blessing for women? A cross-sectional study of different forms of social relations and self-rated depression in Moscow

Variable Men (n = 510) Women (n = 680) Total (n = 1190) p*
Self-rated depression
 Severe 25 32 29 0.000
 Mild 11 16 14  
 None 64 52 57  
Family relations
Marital status
 Married/cohabiting 66 50 57 0.000
 Divorced/widowed 13 35 25  
 Never married 21 15 18  
Contact with relatives
 Regular 42 43 42 0.866
 Little 58 57 58  
Extra-familial relations
Contact with friends/acquaintances
 Regular 52 46 48 0.039
 Little 48 54 52  
Age-bridging contacts
 Regular  58  53  55  0.078
 Little  42  47  45  
Voluntary associations
 Member 30 22 25 0.002
 Non-member 70 78 75  
  1. * p for gender difference