Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Intervention effect on school children’s socio-emotional skills and psychological problems, total sample. Regression estimates from multilevel models: intervention effect (Model A, term Intervention x T1) and intervention effect moderated by school grade (Model B, terms Intervention x 2nd/3rd grade x T1, 1st grade as the reference)

From: Short-term effects of the “Together at School” intervention program on children’s socio-emotional skills: a cluster randomized controlled trial

  MASCS SDQ
  Cooperation Empathy Prosocial Total/psychological problems
  Model A Model B Model A Model B Model A Model B Model A Model B
  Estimate Estimate Estimate Estimate Estimate Estimate Estimate Estimate
Baseline         
 Intercept 14.948**** 14.901**** 9.512**** 9.525**** 6.238**** 6.172**** 6.049**** 6.301****
 2nd grade 0.014 −0.028 0.070 −0.043 0.137 0.206 −0.337 −0.326
 3rd grade −0.031 0.184 −0.018 0.075 0.246 0.391 0.138 −0.752
 Intervention −0.273 −0.256 −0.162 −0.174 −0.271* −0.319 0.655* 0.146
 Intervention x 2nd grade   0.202   0.131   0.123   0.062
 Intervention x 3rd grade   −0.409   −0.133   0.011   1.967**
Change by time         
 T1 0.232** 0.358** 0.105* 0.101 0.165* 0.314** −0.268** −0.376*
Intervention x T1 0.146 0.050 0.060 0.046 0.065 0.113 −0.125 0.144
 2nd grade x T1   −0.167   0.082   −0.207   0.046
 3rd grade x T1   −0.236   −0.085   −0.266   0.314
Intervention x 2nd grade x T1   0.024   −0.030   −0.102   −0.155
Intervention x 3rd grade x T1   0.389   0.062   −0.041   −0.867**
Variance componentsa         
 Student level         
  Intercept 8.521 8.519 2.969 2.969 4.628 4.628 29.013 29.004
  T1 4.231 4.231 1.763 1.763 2.435 2.433 8.759 8.758
 Class level         
  Intercept 1.622 1.615 0.630 0.627 1.146 1.138 4.889 4.733
  T1 0.691 0.680 0.245 0.243 0.646 0.633 0.965 0.935
  1. MASCS multisource assessment of social competence scale, SDQ strengths and difficulties questionnaire
  2. *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01, ****p < 0.001
  3. aAll variance components were statistically significant (p < 0.001)