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Table 1 Overview of variables and instruments

From: Study protocol - efficacy of an attachment-based working alliance in the multimodal pain treatment

Domain Instruments T1 T2 T3
Psychological disorders, axis 1 German semi-structured Clinical Interview based on DSM-IV (SKID-I) ×   
Socio-demographic variables Items adapted from the German Pain Questionnaire ×   
Help-seeking behavior Items adapted from the German Pain Questionnaire ×   ×
Use of Medication Items adapted from the German Pain Questionnaire ×   ×
Attachment Patterns  Relationship Questionnaire (RQ 2)
 Experience of Close Relationships (ECR-RD 12) with regard to
 a) partner/spouse
 b) friends/relatives
×   ×
Pain  Pain Intensity: Visual Analogue Scales (VAS)
• Pain Frequency: number of days with pain, number of days with strong pain (previous month)
× × ×
Physical Functioning • Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
 Health Survey (SF12)
× × ×
Emotional Distress  Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS)
 Health Survey (SF12)
× × ×
Interpersonal Problems Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP 32) × × ×
Self-esteem Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) × × ×
Coping Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ-D) × × ×
Evaluation of Therapeutic Process  Working Alliance Inventory (WAI)
 Therapie Stations-Erfahrungs-Bogen (TSEB)
  ×  
  1. T1, before treatment; T2, after treatment; T3, six months follow-up