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Table 3 Independent variables: Health and Socio-Demographic Conditions 2012 Quality of Life Telephone Survey

From: Sense of belonging to local community in small-to-medium sized Canadian urban areas: a comparison of immigrant and Canadian-born residents

Variable Survey question Coded responses
Self-perceived health In general, would you say your health is? 1. Excellent
2. Very good
3. Good
4. Fair/poor
Self-perceived mental health In general, would you say your mental health is? 1. Excellent
2. Very good
3. Good
4. Fair/poor
Household income What is your total annual income before taxes? 1. Less than $20,000
2. $20,000 to $39,999
3. $40,000 to $79,999
4. $80,000 and more
5. Not stated
Housing tenure Do you or a member of your household own or rent the dwelling you live in? 1. Own
2. Rent
Marital status What is your marital status? 1. Single/never married
2. Married/common law
3. Separated/widowed/divorced
Education What is your current level of education? 1. Less than high school
2. High school
3. Some post-secondary
4. College or trades
5. University
Employment status During the past 12 months were you mainly…? 1. Working full-time
2. Working part-time
3. Unemployed
4. Retired
5. Other
Living arrangement Which of the following best describes your current living arrangement? 1. Unattached alone
2. Unattached with others
3. Couple with children
4. Couple alone
5. Single parent/other
Age What is your age group? 1. Age 18 to 24
2. Age 25 to 44
3. Age 45 to 64
4. Age 65 and over
City Place where respondent resides 1. Charlottetown
2. Hamilton
3. Saskatoon
Years lived in Canada Immigrants: How many years have you lived in Canada? 1. 5 years or less
2. 6 to 10 years
3. More than 10 years