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Table 2 Correlations (Spearman’s rho) for exposure use and exposure attitude scale scores

From: On the use of exposure therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders: a survey among cognitive behavioural therapists in the Netherlands

  Willingness Credibility Avoidance Personal preference Practical limitations
Social Anxiety      
Therapist-directed in vivo exposure .34a .18a -.12 .25a -.18a
In vivo self-exposure .22a .25a -.06 .24a -.02
Imaginal exposure .03 -.06 -.05 .01 -.07
Exposure and response prevention .08 .08 .01 .07 -.04
Interoceptive exposure .08 -.40 .00 .00 -.01
Exposure-based homework assignments .25a .28a -.10 .31a -.02
(Specific) Phobia      
Therapist-directed in vivo exposure .37a .20a -.15 .24a -.20a
In vivo self-exposure .17a .27a -.16a .22a -.12
Imaginal exposure .03 .00 -.09 -.01 -.08
Exposure and response prevention .10 .12 .00 .09 -.10
Interoceptive exposure .10 .01 -.07 .03 -.09
Exposure-based homework assignments .18a .24a -.17a .26a .12
OCD      
Therapist-directed in vivo exposure .29a .20a -.16a .23a -.16a
In vivo self-exposure .12 .17a -.11 .18a -.07
Imaginal exposure .04 .00 -.08 -.02 -.09
Exposure and response prevention .15a .26a -.13 .24a -.10
Interoceptive exposure .04 -.03 -.05 .00 -.05
Exposure-based homework assignments .16a .28a -.13 .23a -.09
Panic      
Therapist-directed in vivo exposure .30a .25a -.15a .25a -.15a
In vivo self-exposure .17a .23a -.14 .22a -.05
Imaginal exposure -.02 -.09 .02 -.04 -.01
Exposure and response prevention -.01 .05 -.05 -.01 -.07
Interoceptive exposure .27a .33a -.14 .21a -.06
Exposure-based homework assignments .22a .26a -.08 .25a -.02
  1. aSignificant at α = 0,001 (two-sided)