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Table 1 Overview of interventions used (in percentages) by Dutch cognitive behavioural therapists in the treatment of anxiety disorders

From: On the use of exposure therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders: a survey among cognitive behavioural therapists in the Netherlands

  Social Anxiety (n = 476) (Specific) Phobia (n = 448) OCD (n = 443) Panic (n = 467)
  Frequently Occasionally Sometimes Never Frequently Occasionally Sometimes Never Frequently Occasionally Sometimes Never Frequently Occasionally Sometimes Never
Basic interventions                 
Drawing-up anxiety hierarchy 69.9 22.1 6.5 1.5 82.8 10.3 4.2 2.7 75.3 15.6 6.8 2.3 83.2 11.3 3.4 2.1
Explaining rational exposure 94.5 4.2 1.1 0.2 96.3 2.9 0.4 0.4 94.3 4.1 1.1 0.5 96.4 3.0 0.4 0.2
Exposure interventions                 
Therapist-directed in vivo exposure 35.1 37.2 21.2 6.5 52.2 30.8 12.1 4.9 39.1 38.1 17.4 5.4 52.3 26.1 16.7 4.9
In vivo self-exposure 78.4 14.9 4.8 1.9 79.9 13.6 4.5 2.0 82.1 10.6 5 2.3 82.7 11.6 3.6 2.1
Imaginal exposure 24.6 37.8 28.4 9.2 26.8 37.7 23.0 12.5 20.5 34.6 28.4 16.5 28.1 31.6 24 16.3
Exposure and response prevention 45.4 28.8 15.5 10.3 47.6 23.4 16.1 12.9 87.4 9.9 2.0 0.7 47.3 20.6 17.1 15
Interoceptive exposure 13.7 26.3 33.1 26.9 7.8 26.1 29.2 36.9 7.4 19.6 29.8 43.2 61 16.9 13.7 8.4
Exposure homework assignments 89.1 8.4 1.9 0.6 89.2 8.3 1.8 0.7 89.2 8.8 1.1 0.9 90.7 6.9 1.5 0.9
CT                 
Cognitive restructuring 83.8 14.1 1.9 0.2 67.4 22.1 8.5 2.0 76.3 17.6 4.5 1.6 82.9 14.3 2.6 0.2
Homework assignments for cognitive restructuring 74.4 19.3 5.7 0.6 59.4 23.9 11.6 5.1 68.6 22.1 7.0 2.3 76.8 17.8 4.5 0.9
General                 
Psycho-education 89.5 8.0 1.9 0.6 85.7 7.8 2.9 3.6 88.5 6.1 2.0 3.4 89.1 6.6 1.9 2.4
Breathing exercises 29.8 30.5 22.3 17.4 25.9 29 21.4 23.7 16.7 24.8 23.9 34.6 43.7 25.9 14.3 16.1
Relaxation exercises 28.2 35.9 25.4 10.5 26.6 33.2 23 17.2 19.9 29.3 26 24.8 44.5 29.6 14.8 11.1