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Table 1 Demographics and social variables

From: Chronic pain in multi-traumatized outpatients with a refugee background resettled in Norway: a cross-sectional study

  No Chronic pain* (n = 21) N (%) Chronic pain* (n = 40) N (%) Chi2/t-value p-value p-value§
Gender (n = 61)
Women 8 (32.0) 17 (68.0) 0.110 0.790 1.000
Men 13 (36.1) 23 (63.7)
Marital status (n = 61)
Single 7 (58.3) 5 (41.7) 4.549 0.111 0.888
Married 9 (25.0) 27 (75.0)
Divorced 5 (38.5) 8 (61.5)
Ethnicity (n = 61)
Eastern Europe 7 (31.8) 15 (68.2) 0.160 0.941 0.941
Africa + Middle East 9 (34.6) 17 (65.4)
Other 5 (38.5) 8 (61.5)
Living conditions (n = 60)
Living alone 6 (50.0) 6 (50.0) 1.875 0.304 1.000
Living with family/others 14 (29.2) 34 (70.8)
Employment (n = 53)
Not employed 11 (34.4) 21 (65.6) 1.607 0.471 1.000
Part time employed 5 (50.0) 4 (50.0)
Employed 3 (23.1) 10 (76.9)
Having friends (n = 57)
Having no friends 5 (22.7) 17 (77.3) 1.299 0.381 1.000
Having friends 13 (37.1) 22 (62.9)
Proficiency of the Norwegian language (n = 56)
Low 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0) 3.242 0.183 1.000
Medium 4 (18.2) 18 (81.8)
High 12 (41.4) 17 (67.9)
Social integration in Norway (n = 57) 10.9 (2.1) 9.3 (2.6) 1.526 0.021 0.252
Social integration in ethnic community (n = 56) 3.9 (1.3) 3.3 (1.1) 0.924 0.058 0.522
Years in Norway (n = 56) # Mean (SD) 17 (9.0) 16 (6.1) 0.487 0.628 1.000
Education (n = 55) # Mean (SD) 14 (4.5) 12 (3.3) 2.058 0.045 0.495
Age (n = 61) # Mean (SD) 39 (11.4) 43 (8.2) −1.942 0.057 0.570
  1. Exact chi-square tests were performed; (*) Chronic pain at clinical levels; (#) T-test; (§) p-values adjusted for multiple testing by Holm adjustment; in bold significant p-values.