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Table 4 Regression coefficients describing association between SDQ total difficulties scores at age 6 (Parent- and Teacher-rated) and student-teacher relationship quality trajectories (Stable High versus Moderate/Declining), n = 460

From: Student-teacher relationship trajectories and mental health problems in young children

  Parent-rated SDQ total score at age 6 Teacher-rated SDQ total score at age 6
B 95% CI p B 95% CI p
Model 1 (unadjusted)       
Moderate/Declining ref - - - - -
Stable high -4.38 −5.97 - −2.78 <.001 −11.15 −12.73 - −9.57 <.001
Model 2 (adjusted) a       
Moderate/Declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −3.69 −5.32 - −2.07 <.001 −10.15 −11.79 - −8.51 <.001
Model 3 (Model 2 + baseline SDQ) b       
Moderate/Declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −2.83 −4.11 - −1.54 <.001 −7.98 −9.69 - −6.28 <.001
  1. aAdjusted for: child age at preschool, child gender, Parent distress, Parental warmth, maternal and paternal education and employment, receiving welfare benefit, and single parent family status. bAdjusted for: child age at preschool, child gender, Parent distress, Parental warmth, maternal and paternal education and employment, receiving welfare benefit, and single parent family status, and the corresponding informant-specific SDQ Total difficulties score at age 4 (parent-rated and teacher-rated, respectively).
  2. Note. The Moderate/Declining trajectory group was treated as the reference group in these analyses.
  3. Note. See Additional file 1 for more detailed tables with the full set of coefficients for all variables included in the adjusted models (Models 2 and 3).