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Table 6 Associations of background characteristics with age-standardised balance, motor co-ordination and composite motor scores

From: Determinants of variability in motor performance in middle childhood: a cross-sectional study of balance and motor co-ordination skills

Variable Household resources School exposure
  Level 1 Level 2 Level 3   None 1-2 years >2 years  
(n = 123) (n = 94) (n = 91) (n = 35) (n = 101) (n = 172)
Balance M SD M SD M SD F 2 M SD M SD M SD F 2
   Stork balance -.06 .99 -.19 .95 .29 1.00 6.04** .04 -.55 1.03 .05 .97 .08 .98 6.26** .04
   Ball balance .02 .79 .08 .75 .15 .76 .743 .01 -.24 .83 .07 .82 .14 .72 3.52* .02
   Hopping in squares -.09 1.03 .04 1.00 .11 .89 1.206 .01 -.52 1.18 -.13 1.03 .19 .85 9.58*** .06
   One board balance -.08 1.00 -.07 .96 .18 1.02 2.159 .01 -.60 .93 .19 1.01 .01 .96 8.42*** .05
Motor co-ordination                 
   Pegboard .00 1.01 -.15 .92 .17 .92 2.54 .02 -.65 .95 -.06 .90 .18 .94 12.06*** .07
   Bead threading .03 1.00 -.05 .92 .03 .95 .221 .00 -.59 1.07 .10 .84 .07 .97 7.99*** .05
   Bolt board -.03 1.07 -.13 .85 .15 .88 1.94 .01 -.66 1.07 -.10 .91 .18 .89 12.81*** .08
   Jumping and clapping -.14 .93 -.01 1.02 .14 .89 2.42 .02 -.72 .87 .01 .98 .11 .90 11.89*** .07
Composite scores                 
   Balance -.06 .66 -.04 .63 .18 .59 4.25* .03 -.48 .69 .05 .66 .11 .58 13.03*** .08
   Coordination -.04 .74 -.08 .69 .12 .65 2.24 .01 -.65 .73 -.01 .68 .13 .63 20.88*** .12
   Overall index -.05 .61 -.06 .57 .15 .51 4.16* .03 -.57 .63 .02 .56 .12 .50 23.67*** .13
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.
  2. df = 2,305.