Skip to main content

Personality and individual differences

This section covers all aspects of personality and differential psychology. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, intelligence, creativity, and personality to name a few.

  1. Choosing the most useful and versatile way to solve one's personal and social problems is one of the most important choices in individual life. The aim of this study was to compare the coping styles of people ...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Heydari, Yasaman Karimzadeh, Marjan Faghih, Zahra Heydari, Elhamsadat Hosseini and Morteza Mehraeen

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The ability to understand another’s emotions and act appropriately, empathy, is an important mediator of relationship function and health intervention fidelity. We adapted the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (I...

    Authors: Daniel E. Sack, Michael B. Frisby, Matthew A. Diemer, Caroline De Schacht, Erin Graves, Aaron M. Kipp, Almiro Emílio, Ariano Matino, Ezequiel Barreto, Sara Van Rompaey, Kenneth A. Wallston and Carolyn M. Audet

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:90

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. General Self-efficacy is a key variable in clinical, educational, social, developmental, health and personality psychology that can affect the outcomes of people’s lives. The present study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Ali Zakiei, Hosna Vafapoor, Mostafa Alikhani, Vahid Farnia and Farnaz Radmehr

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:88

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. This study aimed to investigate the association between time preference (i.e., time discounting and hyperbolic time discounting) and personal values (the areas of priority values and commitment to value) in a ...

    Authors: Norito Kawakami, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Daisuke Nishi, Daisuke Takagi, Hideki Hashimoto and Saori C. Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:85

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. In view of heightened rates of suicide and evidence of poor mental health among healthcare occupational groups, such as veterinarians, doctors, pharmacists and dentists, there has been increasing focus on the ...

    Authors: Elisa G. Lewis and Jacqueline M. Cardwell

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:54

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. This study aims to assess the impact of personality traits on emotional intelligence (EI) and decision-making among medical students in Lebanese Universities and to evaluate the potential mediating role-played...

    Authors: Radwan El Othman, Rola El Othman, Rabih Hallit, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Medical specialty is a critical choice in a physician’s life because it determines their professional future and medical practice. While some are motivated to choose a specific specialty based on the monetary ...

    Authors: Francisco José Barbosa-Camacho, Roberto Carlos Miranda-Ackerman, Itzel Vázquez-Reyna, Vania Brickelia Jimenez-Ley, Francisco Javier Barrera-López, Vianca Seleste Contreras-Cordero, Veronica Alexandra Sánchez-López, Tom Jilmer Castillo-Valverde, Claudina del Carmen Lamas-Abbadie, Brenda Alicia González-Adán, Ana Olivia Cortes-Flores, Gilberto Morgan-Villela, Guillermo Alonso Cervantes-Cardona, Gabino Cervantes-Guevara, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco and Alejandro González-Ojeda

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Compassionate love is defined as awareness and understanding of one’s suffering, connecting with the distress, and being emotionally and cognitively moved to alleviate suffering. The Compassionate Love Scale f...

    Authors: Francesca Chiesi, Chloe Lau and Donald H. Saklofske

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Personality traits can be used to predict an individual’s behaviors in different life situations, including marital life situations. Marital satisfaction that is influenced by different factors is a criterion ...

    Authors: Kourosh Sayehmiri, Karez Ibrahim Kareem, Kamel Abdi, Sahar Dalvand and Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Male height is positively associated with social dominance, and more agonistic/competitive behaviours. However, the ‘Napoleon complex’ or ‘small man syndrome’ suggests that smaller males are more assertive and...

    Authors: Dane McCarrick, Gayle Brewer, Minna Lyons, Thomas V. Pollet and Nick Neave

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2020 8:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. In Germany, only limited data are available on attitudes towards death. Existing measurements are complex and time consuming, and data on psychometric properties are limited. The Death Attitude Profile- Revise...

    Authors: Jonas Jansen, Christian Schulz-Quach, Nikolett Eisenbeck, David F. Carreno, Andrea Schmitz, Rita Fountain, Matthias Franz, Ralf Schäfer, Paul T. P. Wong and Katharina Fetz

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2019 7:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Parental physical punishment (e.g., spanking) of children can gradually escalate into child physical abuse (CPA). According to social-information processing (SIP) models of aggressive behaviors, distorted soci...

    Authors: Koji Shimada, Ryoko Kasaba, Akiko Yao and Akemi Tomoda

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2019 7:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Alopecia Areata (AA) is an autoimmune condition that is characterised by non-scarring hair loss. Its aesthetic repercussions can lead to profound changes in psychological well-being. Although physical activity...

    Authors: Y. Rajoo, J. Wong, G. Cooper, I. S. Raj, D. J. Castle, A. H. Chong, J. Green and G. A. Kennedy

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2019 7:48

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Procrastination is seen as a severe problem among young people, and many factors have been claimed to be associated with it, playing video games being one of them. One of the reasons why video games might be r...

    Authors: Kent Nordby, Ronny Andre Løkken and Gerit Pfuhl

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2019 7:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Previous studies have shown a relationship between delirium and depressive symptoms after cardiac surgery with distress personalities linking to negative surgical outcomes. The aim of the present study is to f...

    Authors: Yujiro Matsuishi, Nobutake Shimojo, Takeshi Unoki, Hideaki Sakuramoto, Chiho Tokunaga, Yasuyo Yoshino, Haruhiko Hoshino, Akira Ouchi, Satoru Kawano, Hiroaki Sakamoto, Yuji Hiramatsu and Yoshiaki Inoue

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2019 7:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Adherence to good dietary practices has been linked to disease prevention and better quality of life yet, University students are known to have poor dietary intake and diet quality. For an effective behaviour ...

    Authors: Freda Dzifa Intiful, Emefa Gifty Oddam, Irene Kretchy and Joana Quampah

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2019 7:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. This protocol describes a study that will test the effectiveness of a 10-week non-clinical psychological coaching intervention for intentional personality change using a smartphone application. The goal of the...

    Authors: Mirjam Stieger, Marcia Nißen, Dominik Rüegger, Tobias Kowatsch, Christoph Flückiger and Mathias Allemand

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2018 6:43

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  18. The Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ) assesses regulatory promotion and prevention focus, which represent orientations towards gains or losses. The main objective of this study was to examine the psychometr...

    Authors: Bjarne Schmalbach, Markus Zenger, Roy Spina, Ileana Steffens-Guerra, Sören Kliem, Michalis Michaelides and Andreas Hinz

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2017 5:40

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. With the publication of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), an alternative model for personality disorders based on personality dysfunction and pathological per...

    Authors: Jens C. Thimm, Stian Jordan and Bo Bach

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2016 4:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The construct of psychopathy is sparsely researched in the non-Western world, particularly in the Middle East. As such, the extent to which the psychopathy construct can be generalized to other cultures, inclu...

    Authors: Robert D. Latzman, Ahmed M. Megreya, Lisa K. Hecht, Joshua D. Miller, D. Anne Winiarski and Scott O. Lilienfeld

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2015 3:37

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Psychology 2015 3:42

  21. There seems to be a common belief that women are better in multi-tasking than men, but there is practically no scientific research on this topic. Here, we tested whether women have better multi-tasking skills ...

    Authors: Gijsbert Stoet, Daryl B O’Connor, Mark Conner and Keith R Laws

    Citation: BMC Psychology 2013 1:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: