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Table 2 Prevalence and descriptive statistics of cigarette, e-cigarette use, intentions to use e-cigarettes, cannabis consumption, and psychological distress

From: E-cigarette use and intentions related to psychological distress among cigarette, e-cigarette, and cannabis vape users during the start of the COVID-19 pandemic

  Overall (n = 314) Female (n = 214) Male (n = 100)
Demographics
Age, M (SD) 20.49 (2.51) 20.61 (2.74) 20.13 (1.52)
Household income, Median 100–150 k/year 100–150 k/year 100–150 k/year
Cigarette use
*Current use, % 11.0 9.4 16.0
 Never, % 75.8 81.6 70.7
 Ex-smoker, % 9.6 9.0 13.3
 Occasional smoker, % 8.3 7.2 12.0
 Daily user, % 2.5 2.2 4.0
E-cigarette use
Ever use, % 39.2 39.5 42.7
*Current use, % 11.0 7.5 4.5
  Never 55.7 59.2 56
  Past user 29.6 30.0 32.0
  Occasional user 2.9 1.8 6.7
  Frequent user 5.1 3.6 1.3
  Daily user 5.3 5.4 4.0
aUsed to relieve anxiety, M (SD) 3.46 (1.4) 3.33 (1.44) 4.10 (1.13)
bUsed to deal with stress, M (SD) 2.08 (1.09) 2.18 (1.14) 1.74 (0.89)
Intentions to use e-cigarettes
Intentions, %
  No intentions to use 77.6 78.4 74.8
  No plans to use or abstain 18.2 16.8 22.5
  Plan to use e-cigarette 3.4 3.7 2.3
  Strongly want to use e-cigarette 0.9 1.0 0.4
 cIntended length of time for future use, M (SD) 5.19 (3.51) 5.13 (3.50) 6.0 (3.83)
Exclusive versus dual use
Exclusive cigarette user, % 5.2 4.8 6.3
Exclusive e-cig user, % 5.2 6.1 2.5
Dual user, % 5.5 4.4 8.8
Cannabis
Past 30 Days Use, M number of days (SD) 9.47 (10.71) 9.12 (10.65) 10.48 (10.94)
Cannabis vaping, % 9.4 10 7.5
dPsychological distress, M (SD)    
Anxiety 3.31 (1.09) 3.40 (1.08) 3.04 (1.07)
Depression 2.93 (0.96) 2.99 (0.99) 2.76 (0.84)
Loneliness 2.93 (1.02) 2.98 (1.04) 2.08 (0.93)
Stress 3.65 (0.88) 3.72 (0.85) 3.45 (0.92)
  1. Prevalence reported represent weighted percentages
  2. *Current use represents the combined prevalence of occasional, frequent, and everyday users
  3. aResponse range: 1 = Not applicable, I don’t experience nervousness, anxiety; 2 = No; 3 = Maybe; 4 = Yes, somewhat; 5 = Yes, a lot; 6 = Yes, definitely
  4. bResonse range: 1 = Not at all true; 2 = Not very true; 3 = Somewhat true; 4 = Very true
  5. cResponse range: 1 = 0 days, 2 = 1 to 6 days, 3 = 1 week, 4 = 2 weeks, 5 = 3 weeks, 6 = 4 weeks, 7 = 2 months, 8 = 3 months, 9 = 6 months, 10 = 1 year, 11 = More than 1 year
  6. dResponse range: 1 = Never; 2 = Rarely; 3 = Sometimes; 4 = Often; 5 = Always